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Osäkerheter kring förhandsavtal för nyproducerade bostadsrätter i Stockholm: Vilka finansiella orsaker ligger till grund för de problem som har uppstått?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Uncertainties Regarding Pre-sale Contracts for Newly Produced Condominiums in Stockholm (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bostadsinvesteringarna har tagit fart de senaste åren i Sverige. Den gynnsammaprisutvecklingen har resulterat i fler nybyggnadsinvesteringar och antaletproducerade lägenheter har varit stort. I detta marknadsläge blev det allt merattraktivt att teckna förhandsavtal på nyproducerade bostäder. När prisfallet sedankom under hösten 2017 för att därefter stagnera, har det uppstått en ökad osäkerhetpå den svenska bostadsmarknaden. I den stagnerade marknaden harbostadsutvecklarnas finansieringsmodell avseende förhandsavtalen fått störremedial uppmärksamhet. Oftast handlar det om den kritik och de brister vad gäller deförhandsavtal som tecknats och som har uppenbarat sig allt mer när marknadensvängde. Detta har gett upphov till ett ökat antal tvister mellan bostadsutvecklare ochköpare såsom konsumenter, i ett försök att häva dessa avtal. Mot denna bakgrundhar idag allt fler hushåll avvaktat med att teckna förhandsavtal, framför allt påbostadsrätter där tillträdesdatum ligger långt fram i tiden.I uppsatsen har intervjuer hållits med bostadsutvecklare i Stockholm, finansiärer ochjuridiska ombud för konsumenter för att sammanställa synen på marknaden idag vadgäller förhandsavtal för nyproducerade bostadsrätter hos olika aktörer. Vidare har enfallstudie genomförts genom en djupdykning i två olika bostadsutvecklaresaffärsmodeller och styrprocesser, för att kunna granska underliggande orsaker till atttvister med köpare har uppstått. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att identifiera definansiella orsaker som ligger till grund för de problem som idag uppstått påmarknaden, samt ge förslag på lösningar som vidare skulle kunna undersökas iämnet.

Abstract [en]

Residential investments have increased over the past years in Sweden. Thefavorable price trend has resulted in more investments in new-construction, and thenumber of new-built apartments has been large. During this market situation, itbecame increasingly attractive to sign pre-sale agreements on newly producedcondominiums. Since the prices subsequently fell in Autumn 2017 and thereafterstagnated, there has been an increased uncertainty in the Swedish housing market.In this stagnated market, the residential housing developers’ financing models for thepre-sale agreements has received greater medial attention. Most of this attention hasbeen about criticism and shortcomings regarding the pre-sale agreements that havebeen signed and which have become increasingly appeared when the marketswung. This has led to enhanced numbers of disputes between residentialdevelopers and buyers, as an attempt to lift these agreements. Today an increasingnumber of households have been waiting to sign pre-sale agreements, especially oncondominiums where access dates are well ahead.In the paper, interviews were carried out with housing developers in Stockholm,financiers and legal representatives for consumers in order to compile the view of themarket today regarding pre-sale agreements for newly produced condominiums,from various players. In addition, a case study has been conducted to get a deepdive into two different housing developers' business models and control processes,in order to be able to examine the underlying reasons why any disputes with buyershave arisen. The purpose of the thesis has been to identify the financial causes thatunderlie the problems that have arisen in the market today, and to give suggestionsfor solutions that could further be investigated on the subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 46
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19282
Keywords [en]
Pre-contractual agreement, residential apartments, real options, housing developer, consumer
Keywords [sv]
Förhandsavtal, bostadsrätter, reala optioner, bostadsutvecklare, konsument
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254739OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-254739DiVA, id: diva2:1335035
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Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved

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