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Large-scale storage of hydrogen
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering, Energy Processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7129-0223
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemical Engineering, Energy Processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3315-4201
2019 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 44, no 23, p. 11901-11919Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The large-scale storage of hydrogen plays a fundamental role in a potential future hydrogen economy. Although the storage of gaseous hydrogen in salt caverns already is used on a full industrial scale, the approach is not applicable in all regions due to varying geological conditions. Therefore, other storage methods are necessary. In this article, options for the large-scale storage of hydrogen are reviewed and compared based on fundamental thermodynamic and engineering aspects. The application of certain storage technologies, such as liquid hydrogen, methanol, ammonia, and dibenzyltoluene, is found to be advantageous in terms of storage density, cost of storage, and safety. The variable costs for these high-density storage technologies are largely associated with a high electricity demand for the storage process or with a high heat demand for the hydrogen release process. If hydrogen is produced via electrolysis and stored during times of low electricity prices in an industrial setting, these variable costs may be tolerable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. Vol. 44, no 23, p. 11901-11919
Keywords [en]
Chemical hydrides, Hydrogen storage, Large-scale, Liquefaction, Metal hydrides, Ammonia, Cost accounting, Costs, Hydrides, Liquefied gases, Chemical hydride, Electricity demands, Engineering aspects, Geological conditions, Industrial settings, Storage of hydrogen
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252445DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.03.063ISI: 000468710100050Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063499997OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-252445DiVA, id: diva2:1337497
Note

QC 20190715

Available from: 2019-07-15 Created: 2019-07-15 Last updated: 2019-07-15Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, JoakimGrönkvist, Stefan

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