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Exploring synergies between the intended nationally determined contributions and electrification goals of Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0237-7886
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7123-1824
2019 (English)In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 401-417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the study is to assess the linkages between climate-related measures and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Ethiopia, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) within the scope of submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC). Given the under-reporting of least developed countries' and emerging economies' issues with regards to climate change mitigation and adaptation, this study is important in studying how these three countries are integrating electrification goals (SDG7) with their INDC. The analysis explores the electricity mix, the expected greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation until 2030, and electrification and related metrics. The INDCs provide a platform to achieve universalization of electrification, catalysing climate finance. Given the bottom-up process inherent to the current climate agreement mechanism, the paper gives insights on how these countries have used the INDC to prioritize sustainable electricity access. The results show that the countries have different storylines as to their electricity access targets and INDC. Ethiopia aims at nearly 100% renewables for power, while Kenya only generates 54% of the total electricity with renewables in 2030. In the DRC, the percentage of renewables is very high, but the per capita electricity consumption remains low while the country becomes a power exporter. The three countries have set a target of 75% electricity access in 2030, but only Kenya comes halfway to the minimum of 2000 kWh/capita of economy-wide electricity generation, which is required for a reasonable level of welfare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 11, no 5, p. 401-417
Keywords [en]
electricity access, INDCs, GHG emissions, sub-Saharan Africa, renewables
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255219DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2018.1442800ISI: 000472111300002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042946470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255219DiVA, id: diva2:1348176
Note

QC 20190903

Available from: 2019-09-03 Created: 2019-09-03 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Selvakkumaran, SujeethaSilveira, Semida

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