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Designing for sustainability practices: RE-DO Design Doings, Strategies and Postures
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0167-7385
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Tackling current sustainability challenges requires substantial societal and social changes, and many different strategies for their deployment. More people have to choose sustainability practices, such as sustainable mobility practices, but such transitions are not easily accomplished. Everyday life is formed by, on the one hand, available systems of provision and, on the other hand, chosen lifestyles. Design can influence conditions for these systems and lifestyles, and thus enable more people to embrace sustainability practices. However, for this to happen, design practice in itself needs to be reformulated to include everyday practices as design material and address the associated dynamics and complexities.

This thesis presents suggested reformulations of design as a practice through the RE-DO Design engagements. The suggested design approach is built on three research projects that staged interventions in sustainable mobility practices. Through practicebased design research, and with a design research program, possible reformulations of design practice to create favourable conditions for sustainability practices have been explored. RE-DO Design comprises design doings, strategies and postures, and involves iterative design work in four loops that respectively reconfigure, perform, explore and bridge sustainable proto-practices. Each iteration includes design strategies for these doings and enables opportunities for revisioning and learning in everyday life as well as for decision makers. To realise RE-DO Design, three design postures are suggested: Re-make, Re-value and Re-learn. With these reformulations of design, conditions for sustainability practices can be influenced and designed.

The thesis discusses RE-DO Design, with the mobility interventions as a basis and with a focus on the three design postures Re-make, Re-value and Re-learn. The aim is to contribute to developing and reformulating design as a practice in order for it to play an important part in sustainability transitions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. , p. i-xxv, 336
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2019:26
Keywords [en]
Sustainability transitions, Transition design
National Category
Design Interaction Technologies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257690ISBN: 978-91-7873-285-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-257690DiVA, id: diva2:1348712
Public defence
2019-09-27, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyAvailable from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Giving car-free life a try: Designing seeds for changed practices
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Giving car-free life a try: Designing seeds for changed practices
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of DRS 2016, Design Research Society 50th Anniversary Conference. Brighton, UK, 27–30 June 2016., Design Research Society, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For sustainable practices to emerge, they have to be tried out. In the design intervention A Car-free Year, we studied the particularities of three families’ changed practices. With a collaborative mind-set, the practices’ constituting elements were analysed, and their intertwined links followed, forming possible design concepts. When designing these seeds for changed practices, we have found, through the knowledge gained from the participants’ different perspectives, possibilities to design initiatives that could enable more people to live car-free. We believe that designing enabling ecosystems, where all types of elements encourage sustainable practices, can be an important role of sustainable design. Furthermore, design research can challenge existing societal norms, as clearly revealed in this project, and consequently inspire more people to make sustainable lifestyle choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Design Research Society, 2016
Series
Proceedings of DRS2016, ISSN 2398-3132 ; Volume
Keywords
sustainable design, practice-oriented design, service design, collaborative design
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-198932 (URN)
Conference
DRS2016: Design + Research + Society - Future-Focused Thinking
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20161222

Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
2. Design strategies for exploring and bridging: Intersections of everyday life and decisionmaking for sustainability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design strategies for exploring and bridging: Intersections of everyday life and decisionmaking for sustainability
2017 (English)In: Conference proceedings of the Design Management Academy: Research perspectives on creative intersections / [ed] Erik Bohemia ; Cees de Bont ; Lisbeth Svengren Holm, Glasgow, 2017, Vol. 1, p. 189-205Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Transitions of unsustainable everyday practices into more sustainable ones require new approaches to explore possible futures and encourage change. Trying new practices and experiencing alternative configurations of sociomaterial assemblages can increase reflexivity as well as assist in exploring potential futures. Design can assist in co-creating possible futures and bridging discussions about the preferred strategies to reach them. If sustainability is defined as an on-going process calling for dialogue, there could be potentials for using practice-based design research, and in particular co-design approaches, at the intersections of these dialogues. By analysing methods for reflexivity and collaboration in two design research projects within sustainable mobility, we here suggest design strategies for prototyping change at an individual level and communicating the experiences of such change to people with power to trigger and direct change. This may be particularly useful for addressing sustainability which both requires dealing with complex problems and extensive collaboration. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: , 2017
Keywords
sustainable mobility; co-design; bridging; living prototypes
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241906 (URN)10.21606/dma.2017.101 (DOI)978-1-912294-11-4 (ISBN)
Conference
Design Management Academy Conference 2017, Hong Kong 7–9 June 2017
Note

QC 20190130

Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
3. Exploring Lost and Found in Future Images of Energy Transitions: Towards a Bridging practice of Provoking and Affirming Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Lost and Found in Future Images of Energy Transitions: Towards a Bridging practice of Provoking and Affirming Design
2018 (English)In: DRS2018: Catalyst, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We need to transition our society in a more sustainable direction, for example through enormous cuts in carbon emissions. Yet this future is hard to envision and work towards. In this project, with a transition design posture, we have designed tools that we believe can be useful to initiate dialogues and reflections for the future. In particular we are interested in using the bridging between provocative and affirmative design as a way to explore and articulate what people see as the lost and found of such a transition. In this paper, we present a study where we used a practice lens to address one possible low carbon future through a provocation workshop. We present our methodology, the tentative tools we used during the workshop and the experiences as expressed by the workshop participants.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241904 (URN)10.21606/dma.2017.324 (DOI)
Conference
Design Research Society 2018, University of Limerick, 25th-28th June 2018
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20190130

Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
4. Bridging citizen and stakeholder perspectives of sustainable mobility through practice-oriented design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging citizen and stakeholder perspectives of sustainable mobility through practice-oriented design
2018 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Transitions toward more sustainable mobility are necessary and involve changes in complex constellations of mobility-related practices. To understand opportunities for moving in this direction, there is a need to explore both the consumption side of sustainable mobility practices and the perspective of stakeholders that provide products, services, infrastructures, and policies required for such practices. This article contributes to a discussion of critical aspects of sustainable mobility practices in relation to the responsibilities and concerns of stakeholders with power to influence these practices. We present four sets of design concepts for supporting car-free living which were formulated and co-created based on a practice-oriented analysis of a one-year study of three families in Stockholm, Sweden that replaced their cars with light electric vehicles. The design concepts bring forward elements of sustainable mobility with a focus on: trying out new mobility practices, cycling infrastructure, child-friendly public transport, and transporting stuff. Furthermore, we discussed the concepts with public and private sector stakeholders and examined their interests in particular practices. Also considered are how the responsibilities of different stakeholders may clash. Finally, we suggest that practice-oriented design concepts can support discussions and increased knowledge about responsibilities and potential conflicts related to sustainable practices, as well as provide means for supporting learning about sustainable practices among decision makers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
sustainable mobility, practices, practice-oriented design, policy, stakeholders
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-237189 (URN)10.1080/15487733.2018.1533781 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062724693 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 38207-1
Note

Manuscript accepted for publication in Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy.

QC 20181030

Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
5. Understanding user practices in mobility service systems: Results from studying large scale corporate MaaS in practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding user practices in mobility service systems: Results from studying large scale corporate MaaS in practice
2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mobility as a Service (MaaS), where different shared modes of transportation are bundled into one easily accessible service, plays an important role in the shift towards more sustainable transport systems. In this article, we present empirical research with the aim to understand how the barriers to increased shared travel with MaaS can be lowered. The concept of corporate MaaS (CMaaS) is introduced, and empirical results are presented from a study of CMaaS at a workplace of 14,000 employees in Sweden. The findings are based on 77 interviews with CMaaS users, performed in four iterative rounds using service design methods. Social practice theories are used as analytical lens to attempt to understand travel practices in the context of CMaaS. As CMaaS (and MaaS) are socio-technical systems, several perspectives need to be integrated in order to reach this understanding; all system components, including materials (e.g. the user application, the transport modes), competences (knowledge of how to use the materials), and meanings (understandings of travel habits, lifestyle choices, and employer relations) need to be analysed. Through this analytical lens, three barriers to adoption of CMaaS and sustainable transport were identified: inadequate integration of the internal transport system with external transport systems; corporate policy, culture and norms that conflict with using the services; and system limitations due to laws and regulations. All these barriers are also relevant for understanding MaaS services in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241903 (URN)10.1016/j.tbs.2018.12.005 (DOI)
Note

QC 20190125

Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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