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Can segmented 3D images be used for stenosis evaluation in coronary CT angiography?
Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0442-3524
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2012 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 53, no 8, p. 845-851Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Thanks to the development of computed tomography (CT) scanners and computer software, accurate coronary artery segmentation can be achieved with minimum user interaction. However, the question remains whether we can use these segmented images for reliable diagnosis. Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) using segmented 3D data for the detection of significant stenosis. Material and Methods: CCTA data-sets from 30 patients were acquired with a 64-slice CT scanner and segmented using the region growing (RG) method and the "virtual contrast injection" (VC) method. Three types of images of each patient were reviewed by different reviewers for the presence of stenosis with diameter reduction of 50% or more. The evaluation was performed on four main arteries of each patient (120 arteries in total). For the original series, the reviewer was allowed to use all the 2D and 3D visualization tools available (conventional method). For the segmented results from RG and VC, only maximum intensity projection was used. Evaluation results were compared with catheter angiography (CA) for each artery in a blinded fashion. Results: Overall, 34 arteries with significant stenosis were identified by CA. The percentage of evaluable arteries, accuracy and negative predictive value for detecting stenosis were, respectively, 86%, 74%, and 93% for the conventional method, 83%, 71%, and 92% for VC, and 64%, 56%, and 93% for RG. Accuracy was significantly lower for the RG method than for the other two methods (P < 0.01), whereas there was no significant difference in accuracy between the VC method and the conventional method (P = 0.22). Conclusion: The diagnostic accuracy for the RG-segmented 3D data is lower than those with access to 2D images, whereas the VC method shows diagnostic accuracy similar to the conventional method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 53, no 8, p. 845-851
Keywords [en]
Coronary CT angiography; coronary artery stenosis; vessel segmentation; 3D visualization; diagnostic accuracy
National Category
Medical Image Processing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-258847DOI: 10.1258/ar.2012.120053ISI: 000310820000004PubMedID: 22855418Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84867724361OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-258847DiVA, id: diva2:1350268
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QC 20190912

Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Smedby, Örjan

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