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Spatial working memory and neural efficiency in mental rotations: An insight from pupillometry
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM). Athlone Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8292-5642
University of Limerick.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4819-0424
University of Limerick.
Athlone Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4199-4753
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2018 (English)In: Engineering Design Graphics Journal, ISSN 1949-9167, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 20-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spatial ability, particularly the cognitive capacity for mental rotations, is a critical component of human cognition. Proficiency with mental rotation tasks is linked with educational performance in various Sci¬ence, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines, and with more general tasks such as real world wayfinding. Spatial working memory (SWM) is posited as a fundamental psychological con¬struct associated with mental rotation ability. Through the adoption of pupillometry, this study aspired to investigate the potential role of SWM within mental rotation performance. The results of this study unex¬pectedly illustrated that mental effort decreased as item difficulty increased. It is posited that learning may have occurred during the initial easier tasks facilitating an increased efficiency in cognitive processing associated with SWM storage during the more difficult mental rotations tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 82, no 3, p. 20-32
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-259912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-259912DiVA, id: diva2:1353693
Note

QC 20190930

Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Buckley, JeffreyCanty, DonalSeery, Niall
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