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Accessible Digital Musical Instruments: A Review of Musical Interfaces in Inclusive Music Practice
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. (Sound and Music Computing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4422-5223
2019 (English)In: Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, E-ISSN 2414-4088, Vol. 3, no 3, article id 57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Current advancements in music technology enable the creation of customized Digital Musical Instruments (DMIs). This paper presents a systematic review of Accessible Digital Musical Instruments (ADMIs) in inclusive music practice. History of research concerned with facilitating inclusion in music-making is outlined, and current state of developments and trends in the field are discussed. Although the use of music technology in music therapy contexts has attracted more attention in recent years, the topic has been relatively unexplored in Computer Music literature. This review investigates a total of 113 publications focusing on ADMIs. Based on the 83 instruments in this dataset, ten control interface types were identified: tangible controllers, touchless controllers, Brain–Computer Music Interfaces (BCMIs), adapted instruments, wearable controllers or prosthetic devices, mouth-operated controllers, audio controllers, gaze controllers, touchscreen controllers and mouse-controlled interfaces. The majority of the AMDIs were tangible or physical controllers. Although the haptic modality could potentially play an important role in musical interaction for many user groups, relatively few of the ADMIs (15.6%) incorporated vibrotactile feedback. Aspects judged to be important for successful ADMI design were instrument adaptability and customization, user participation, iterative prototyping, and interdisciplinary development teams.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 3, no 3, article id 57
Keywords [en]
musical instruments, accessibility, digital musical instruments, accessible digital musical instruments, multimodal feedback, assistive music technology
National Category
Media and Communication Technology Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Media Technology; Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260773DOI: 10.3390/mti3030057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260773DiVA, id: diva2:1356055
Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Diverse Sounds: Enabling Inclusive Sonic Interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diverse Sounds: Enabling Inclusive Sonic Interaction
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This compilation thesis collects a series of publications on designing sonic interactions for diversity and inclusion. The presented papers focus on case studies in which musical interfaces were either developed or reviewed. While the described studies are substantially different in their nature, they all contribute to the thesis by providing reflections on how musical interfaces could be designed to enable inclusion rather than exclusion. Building on this work, I introduce two terms: inclusive sonic interaction design and Accessible Digital Musical Instruments (ADMIs). I also define nine properties to consider in the design and evaluation of ADMIs: expressiveness, playability, longevity, customizability, pleasure, sonic quality, robustness, multimodality and causality. Inspired by the experience of playing an acoustic instrument, I propose to enable musical inclusion for under-represented groups (for example persons with visual- and hearing-impairments, as well as elderly people) through the design of Digital Musical Instruments (DMIs) in the form of rich multisensory experiences allowing for multiple modes of interaction. At the same time, it is important to enable customization to fit user needs, both in terms of gestural control and provided sonic output. I conclude that the computer music community has the potential to actively engage more people in music-making activities. In addition, I stress the importance of identifying challenges that people face in these contexts, thereby enabling initiatives towards changing practices.

Abstract [sv]

I denna sammanläggningsavhandling presenteras ett antal artiklar med fokus på mångfald och breddat deltagande inom fältet sonisk interaktionsdesign (engelska: Sonic Interaction Design). Publikationerna behandlar utvecklingen av musikgränssnitt samt en översikt av sådana system. De studier som beskrivs i denna avhandling skiljer sig väsentligt åt sinsemellan men bidrar alla till avhandlingens tes genom att förse läsaren med reflektioner kring hur musikgränssnitt kan utformas för att främja breddat deltagande inom musikskapande. Baserat på dessa studier introducerar jag två begrepp: inkluderande sonisk interaktionsdesign (engelska: inclusive sonic interaction design) och tillgängliga digitala musikinstrument (engelska: Accessible Digital Musical Instruments, ADMIs). Jag definierar även nio egenskaper att ta i beaktning vid design och utvärdering av sådana instrument: uttrycksfullhet, spelbarhet, livslängd, anpassningsbarhet, nöje/välbehag, musik och ljudkvalitet, robusthet, multimodalitet samt kausalitiet. Inspirerad av akustiska musikinstrument föreslår jag att främja ökat deltagande av underrepresenterade grupper (exempelvis personer med syn- eller hörselnedsättningar samt äldre människor) genom att designa digitala musikinstrument i form av multimodala gränssnitt. På så sätt kan instrumenten öppna upp för fler olika interaktionssätt och möjliggöra multisensorisk återkoppling. Det är också viktigt att dessa instrument kan anpassas till respektive användares behov, både när det gäller ljudskapande gester samt ljudande material. Jag drar slutsatsen att forskningsfältet inom datormusik (engelska: computer music) har potential att främja breddat deltagande inom musikskapande. Genom att identifiera de utmaningar som personer i underrepresenterade grupper möter kan vi agera för att skapa en mer inkluderande praktik.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. 81
Series
TRITA-EECS-AVL ; 2020:2
Keywords
Accessible Digital Musical Instruments, Sonic Interaction Design, Sound and Music Computing, New Interfaces for Musical Expression
National Category
Media and Communication Technology Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Media Technology; Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-265159 (URN)978-91-7873-378-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-01-10, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20191212

Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved

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b111d255a8382121fba9fcb9753200acc5922d8c2387ce7255ce401d4327f94f65d3367d7e98fd2e6bbe3441a9f73df7426c800bbc5350191e619b4fcd3ab258
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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.3390/mti3030057

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Frid, Emma

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