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Stream Restorationand Mitigation of Nitrogen in the Hyporheic zone: Interpretation of tracer tests from Tullstorps brook
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
2019 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Streams and rivers have been modified in the past centuries for agricultural purposes. The Baltic Sea suffers from problems regarding eutrophication. Regulations of point-sources have decreased nutrient levels, but for a scattered source of nutrient pollution, streams are important. One way of mitigating nitrogen is with coupled denitrification and nitrification processes when stream water is transported through flow paths in the hyporheic zone, an area in the stream sediments where groundwater and stream water mix. Tullstorps brook is an agricultural stream that flows into the Baltic Sea. It has had problems with high nutrient loads and poor water quality and has therefore been restored. The fieldwork in this project was conducted in Tullstorps brook in May 2019, where Rhodamine WT (RWT) tracer test and Hydraulic Conductivity (HC) measurements were done in 3 reaches, and compared to similar fieldwork since before restorations, during the summer of 2015. Two reaches in an agricultural setting that have been restored, Reach 4 and Reach 6, were measured, as well as a control reach, Reach 5, which is in a natural setting. The tracer tests indicated a significant decrease in the velocity in remediated reaches. The results of exchange velocity between the stream flow and the hyporheic zone suggest an increase after remediation of the reaches and the residence time seems to be decreasing simultaneously. When comparing the hydraulic characteristics, different stream flow during measurements was considered in a qualitative manner. The results of HC measurements show a decrease from 2015 to 2019 in the remediated reaches. In Reach 4 it decreased from 1.20E-03 m/s to 5.0E-4 m/s and in Reach 6, HC decreased from 7.70E-04 m/s before remediations to 5.6E-04 m/s after remediation actions. All the measurements have uncertainties, especially since homogeneity is assumed to some extent and the natural environment will always be heterogeneous.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. , s. 83
Serie
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19656
Emneord [en]
Hyporheic Zone, Stream Restorations, Nitrate Mitigation, Tracer test, Solute Transport, Eutrophication, Nitrogen
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-262217DiVA, id: diva2:1361029
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Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-15 Laget: 2019-10-15 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-15bibliografisk kontrollert

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