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The long-term consequences of youth housing for childbearing and higher education
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9944-0510
2019 (English)In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 845-858Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The lack of housing in areas where young adults have greater opportunities to study and get work complicates young adults’ entry into the adulthood. Difficulties in accessing housing may therefore delay childbearing and may negatively have an effect on education opportunities. To increase housing accessibility, some municipalities have earmarked apartments for young adults. These “youth dwellings” are criticized for being small and not necessarily facilitating family formation and fertility, better suiting students’ needs. We have in this paper compared the long-term pattern of childbearing and education for young adults that entered their housing market through small cheap youth housing with those youngsters that received a rental apartment from the ordinary housing stock. To be able to draw the conclusion that differences in fertility and educational pattern between these two groups comes from the different housing situation and not from differences in in preferences when it comes to childbearing or individual prerequisites for higher education, we have used a geocoded data and information on the individual's family background as well as a matching technique to create a comparison group that are similar to the treatment group in several aspects. The present results indicate that building affordable housing that is small and space efficient is sufficient and positive if the aim is to promote higher education. Affordable housing is on the other hand not enough to promote childbearing, instead, it seems to inhibit childbearing until there is a possibility of moving on in the housing career. Our result also indicates that the next step need not necessarily be homeownership, as earlier research has indicated. Entering the housing market via youth housing and then being able to move on to rental accommodation in the ordinary housing market also seems to have a positive effect on overall childbearing, although moving to cooperative housing or owned housing has an even larger effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 41, no 5, p. 845-858
Keywords [en]
Childbearing, Higher education, Housing market, Propensity score matching, Youth housing
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262513DOI: 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2019.05.008ISI: 000489350100003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068073784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-262513DiVA, id: diva2:1366365
Note

QC 20191028

Available from: 2019-10-29 Created: 2019-10-29 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved

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Wilhelmsson, Mats

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