CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Högvattenföring ochriskbedömning i svensk miljö
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
High flows and risk evaluation in Swedish environment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten ämnar utvärdera potentiella begränsningar inom vattenkraftsindustrin i relation till högvattenföring under ett skiftande klimat. Detta görs genom en litteraturstudie gällande lagar och föreskrifter, samt med en modellering av de flödesförändringar som uppstår i den övre delen av Pite älv i norra Sverige som en konsekvens av ett skiftande klimat. Modelleringen görs med HBV-96 och fyra olika scenarion med ett modellerat referensflöde. Vattenkraftsindustrin är för det mesta reglerad privat med egenkontroller, med krav för inrapportering till länsstyrelsen för de dammar vars bristning kan orsaka stor skada.Modelleringen och scenarierna fann en tendens till svagare vårfloder som en konsekvens av ökad medeltemperatur. Ökningen i medeltemperatur har inga observerade direkta effekter på vattenföring under sensommar och höst, men potential för indirekt påverkan finns. Om nederbörd ökar, som förväntat, kommer vi se en ökning i volym av vatten i älven. Resultatet ser ingen krav för anpassning till större flöden i en snar framtid då de kraftigaste flödena under våren kommer minska, däremot lär ett skifte i beteendet av den årliga vattenföringen ske med ett flöde som är mer beroende av nederbörd istället för snösmältning. Detta medför en uppmaning till förändring i korttidsstrategi med hjälp av större marginal i dammens vattenhöjd tillsammans med modellering och väderprognoser, främst under sensommar och höst.

Abstract [en]

The focus of this paper is on the changing conditions in the hydrological flow of the upper half of Pite älv in Northern Sweden as a consequence of the changes that comes with global warming. This was done by modelling the water flow with the HBV-96 model as its basis which then ran four different scenarios based on predictions for how the climate will have changed by year 2100. The paper also discusses the limitations with this applied method.

The study found that in the case of dam failure the owner is responsible for the damages, furthermore the owner is recommended to model potential limitations and dangers, but there is no requirement for this. State actors which oversees and keep tabs on all issues regarding water safety exists for every county, though their involvement appear somewhat limited and does not extend to close monitoring of the dams.

The study found a decrease in the volume of spring floods due to a decrease in snow storage because of increasing temperatures. Furthermore, the increase in mean temperature has no notable direct effect on the autumn precipitation and water flow but potential indirect consequences are discussed. If precipitation were to increase during autumn as predicted, we will see an increase in both the peaks and amount of autumn high flows. However, these peaks will be lower than the current spring floods. We conclude that in large there is no reason for large changes in how the hydro industry conducts itself in relation to regulation of water flow in terms of infrastructure. There is however, possibly a need to increase the margin which one can store water in dams during longer periods with high flow together with more reliance on meteorological short term analysis to be better prepared for more sudden high flows.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19266
Keywords [sv]
HBV, RCP, vattenkraft, Piteälven, dammsäkerhet, klimatförändring
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263685OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263685DiVA, id: diva2:1368713
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(666 kB)14 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 666 kBChecksum SHA-512
99f2edce69f651e6cd8ce363bbd59ebd301b624e27ae29d82f782a33fb7bbac929a16d240caece0512e0b244968b9ca51cb37e048b712c139a7562d3afd5c420
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 14 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 34 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf