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Impact on urban form by the localization of railway stations: Evidence from Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2988-2508
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Transport planning.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3687-7758
2019 (English)In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 95, article id 102362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the 1990s a number of new railway stations have been established in Sweden on new or rerouted lines, while other stations have been reconstructed at their original locations. Some stations were located in urban surroundings, others in semi-urban or peripheral locations depending on the trade of between regional speed, and local urban circumstances. The urban form consequences depending on station localisation of these transport infrastructure investments are nonetheless unknown. In order to provide a basis for future planning, this research aims to provide knowledge on urban form consequences of relocating railway stations. 13 stations were selected in a case study. Changes in urban densities from 1993 to 2013 were analysed by a combination of kernel techniques and estimation of monocentric density models. Stations within an urban and semi-urban environments show strong agglomeration tendencies. Within peripheral environments, the urban development was unclear or even negative. In an urban environment, the location of the station still attracted more urban resources compared to the location of the urban density centre. These findings should be understood in the light of a market-oriented socio-economic context since 1990th influencing the planning system and the development of urban form.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 95, article id 102362
Keywords [en]
future prospect, railway transport, relocation, transportation infrastructure, transportation planning, urban development, urban planning, urban transport, Sweden
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263485DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2019.05.031ISI: 000498748100006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067912686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263485DiVA, id: diva2:1375435
Note

QC 20191205

Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved

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Adolphson, MarcusFröidh, Oskar

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