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Superior flame retardancy of cotton by synergetic effect of cellulose-derived nano-graphene oxide carbon dots and disulphide-containing polyamidoamines
Univ Milan, Dipartimento Chim, Via C Golgi 19, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
Univ Milan, Dipartimento Chim, Via C Golgi 19, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
Univ Milan, Dipartimento Chim, Via C Golgi 19, I-20133 Milan, Italy..
Politecn Torino, Dipartimento Sci Applicata & Tecnol, Viale Teresa Michel 5, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy..
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 169, artikel-id 108993Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Linear polyamidoamines containing disulphide groups (SS-PAAs) were prepared by polyaddition of L-cystine with 2,2-bisacrylamidoacetic acid (B-CYSS), N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (M-CYSS) and 1,4-bisacryloylpiperazine (BP-CYSS). They were evaluated as flame retardants for cotton, alone or with cellulose-derived nano-graphene oxide (nGO) carbon dots, to assess whether, due to their potential as radical scavengers, the latter would improve the already good performance of SS-PAAs. In vertical flame spread tests (VEST), cotton treated with 1% nGO burned as quickly as cotton, whereas B-CYSS, M-CYSS and BP-CYSS extinguished the flame at add-ons >= 12, 16 and 20%, respectively. Probably, the gaseous products of SS-PAA thermal degradation quenched the radicals involved in oxidation. Cotton treated with 8,12 and 15%, respectively, of B-CYSS, M-CYSS and BP-CYSS burned completely, but further addition of 1% nGO either inhibited ignition or shortly extinguished the flame, demonstrating synergism between the two components. Synergism was confirmed by assessing the synergism effectiveness parameter for the residual mass fraction (RMF) and by comparing the calculated and experimental TG curves in air for the cotton/SS-PAA-nGO systems. In cone calorimetry tests, the presence of nGO did not improve the already good performances of SS-PAAs, supporting the hypothesis that the action of both takes place in the gas phase.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 169, artikel-id 108993
Nyckelord [en]
Disulphide-containing polyamidoamines, PAAs, Graphene oxide, Functional coatings, Intumescent flame retardants, Cotton
Nationell ämneskategori
Materialteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-266205DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2019.108993ISI: 000501397500011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072777136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-266205DiVA, id: diva2:1383984
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QC 20200109

Tillgänglig från: 2020-01-09 Skapad: 2020-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Feng, ZhaoxuanHakkarainen, Minna

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Fiber- och polymerteknologiPolymerteknologi
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Polymer degradation and stability
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