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Metal release from various grades of stainless steel exposed to synthetic body fluids
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Korrosionslära.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2123-2201
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Korrosionslära.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2206-0082
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Korrosionslära.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9453-1333
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 103-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Release rates of individual alloy constituents have been determined from seven grades of stainless steels exposed to two synthetic body fluids, used as surrogates for different areas of potential exposure in the lung: "Gamble's solution", (pH 7.4) that represents the interstitial fluid of the deep lung, and artificial lysosomal fluid (ALF) that represents the more acidic (pH 4.5-5) milieu of particles following their phagocytosis by macrophages. Total metal release rates from all grades of stainless steel investigated were low (< 5 mu g cm(-2) week(-1)). The more acidic environment of ALF resulted in significantly higher total metal release rates (0.3-4.6 mu g cm(-2) week(-1)) compared to Gamble's solution (< 0.1 mu g cm(-2) week(-1)).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 103-111
Nyckelord [en]
stainless steel; XPS; passive film
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8525DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2006.05.008ISI: 000243680400012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33751326121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8525DiVA, id: diva2:13873
Anmärkning
Conference: International Symposium on Progress in Corrosion Research. Hokkaide Univ, Sapporo, JAPAN. SEP 14-16, 2005 Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Bioaccessibility of Stainless Steels: Importance of Bulk and Surface Features
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Bioaccessibility of Stainless Steels: Importance of Bulk and Surface Features
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

With increasing environmental awareness, the desire to protect human beings and the environment from adverse effects induced by dispersed metals has become an issue of great concern and interest. New policies, such as REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) within the European Community, have been implemented to reduce hazards posed by the use of chemicals on producers and downstream users. The generation of exposure assessment data and relevant test procedures able to simulate realistic scenarios are essential in such legislative actions.

This doctoral study was initiated to fill knowledge gaps related to the metal release process of stainless steels. A wide range of stainless steel grades, fourteen in total, were investigated. They cover a very broad range of applications, and the focus in the thesis was to simulate a few selected exposure scenarios: precipitation, the human body and food intake. Comparisons were made between metal release from stainless steel alloys and the pure metals that constitute each stainless steel in order to explore the differences between alloys and pure metals, and to provide quantitative data on metal release rates of different alloy constituents. Because of similar surface properties between stainless steel and pure chromium, this metal exhibits similar release rates, whereas iron and nickel exhibit significantly lower release rates as alloy components than as pure metals. Detailed studies were also performed to elucidate possible relations between metal release and steel surface properties. Key parameters turned out to be chromium enrichment of the self-passivating surface film, surface roughness, the electrochemically active surface area and the microstructure of the steel substrate. The degree of metal release increased with decreasing chromium content in the surface oxide, increasing surface roughness, and increasing presence of inhomogeneities in the bulk matrix.

More detailed studies were initiated to possibly correlate the nucleation of metastable pits and the extent of metal release. Evidence was given that metastable pits exist even when the stainless steel is passive, and may cause extremely short-lived bursts of released metal before the surface film repassivates again.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. s. 73
Serie
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2008:39
Nyckelord
Stainless steel, iron, chromium, nickel, corrosion, metal release, artificial rain, synthetic body fluids, acetic acid, surface oxide, surface finish
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysikalisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4773 (URN)978-91-7178-977-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2008-06-03, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20100810Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-08-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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