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Performance of piano trills: effects of hands, fingers, notes and emotions
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. (Sound and Music Computing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3086-0322
2019 (English)In: Combined proceedings of the Nordic Sound and Music Computing Conference 2019 and the Interactive Sonification Workshop 2019, Stockholm, 2019, p. 9-15Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Trill is a type of musical ornament. In automatic playback of piano music scores, trills are usually synthesised as a sequence of repeated notes with equal duration and dynamic level. This is not how trills are performed by pianists. In this study, trills were performed by three pianists on a Yamaha Disklavier and recorded as both audio and MIDI files. Then note duration, inter-onset interval (IOI) and key velocity for each note were extracted from MIDI files and analyzed in relation to hands, notes and emotions. Four significant effects were found; 1) hand effect: trills on right hand were in average performed with a faster rate, shorter note duration, longer off duration and faster key velocity, 2) finger effect: within the two notes forming a trill, notes with lower fingering number were performed with shorter off duration, while keeping note duration and key velocity close, 3) emotion effect: emotion mainly contributed to dynamic level, 4) crescendo effect: when crescendo happened, note duration and off duration compensated with each other and kept IOI at a almost constant value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, 2019. p. 9-15
National Category
Music Musicology Media and Communication Technology Human Computer Interaction Other Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Media Technology; Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-272184DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3743459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-272184DiVA, id: diva2:1424673
Conference
Nordic Sound and Music Computing Conference 2019
Note

QC 20200602

Available from: 2020-04-18 Created: 2020-04-18 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved

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Other links

Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3743459

Authority records

Han, XuBresin, Roberto

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf