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Biophysical Characterization of Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Effect on the Cardiac Sodium Channel Na(v)1.5
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biophysics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0828-3899
2020 (English)In: Molecules, ISSN 1431-5157, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 25, no 4, article id 902Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) has been extensively studied for its protective effect against cardiovascular disorders. This effect has been attributed to its action on multiple molecular pathways and transmembrane proteins, including the cardiac Na(v)1.5 channels, which are inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this effect remains to be unveiled. To this aim, we have characterized the EGCG effect on Na(v)1.5 using electrophysiology and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. EGCG superfusion induced a dose-dependent inhibition of Na(v)1.5 expressed in tsA201 cells, negatively shifted the steady-state inactivation curve, slowed the inactivation kinetics, and delayed the recovery from fast inactivation. However, EGCG had no effect on the voltage-dependence of activation and showed little use-dependent block on Na(v)1.5. Finally, MD simulations suggested that EGCG does not preferentially stay in the center of the bilayer, but that it spontaneously relocates to the membrane headgroup region. Moreover, no sign of spontaneous crossing from one leaflet to the other was observed, indicating a relatively large free energy barrier associated with EGCG transport across the membrane. These results indicate that EGCG may exert its biophysical effect via access to its binding site through the cell membrane or via a bilayer-mediated mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2020. Vol. 25, no 4, article id 902
Keywords [en]
EGCG, Na(v)1.5, cellular electrophysiology, molecular dynamics, ion channels
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-272654DOI: 10.3390/molecules25040902ISI: 000522454500138PubMedID: 32085432Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85079536074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-272654DiVA, id: diva2:1429838
Note

QC 20200512

Available from: 2020-05-12 Created: 2020-05-12 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved

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Delemotte, Lucie

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