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Theory of hydrodynamic interaction of two spheres in wall-bounded shear flow
Technion, Dept Chem Engn, IL-32000 Haifa, Israel.;Yonsei Univ, Dept Computat Sci & Engn, Seoul 120749, South Korea..
Stowers Inst Med Res, 1000 E 50th St, Kansas City, MO 64110 USA..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4222-012x
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4346-4732
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2020 (English)In: Physical Review Fluids, E-ISSN 2469-990X, Vol. 5, no 5, article id 054101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The seminal Batchelor-Green's (BG) theory on the hydrodynamic interaction of two spherical particles of radii a suspended in a viscous shear flow assumes unbounded fluid. In the present paper we study how a rigid plane wall modifies this interaction. Using an integral equation for the surface traction we derive the expression for the particles' relative velocity as a sum of the BG's velocity and the term due to the presence of a wall at finite distance, z(0). Our calculation is not the perturbation theory of the BG solution, so the contribution due to the wall is not necessarily small. We indeed demonstrate that the presence of the wall is a singular perturbation, i.e., its effect cannot be neglected even at large distances. The distance at which the wall significantly alters the particles interaction scales as z(0)(3/5). The phase portrait of the particles' relative motion is different from the BG theory, where there are two singly connected regions of open and closed trajectories both of infinite volume. For finite z(0), besides the BG's domains of open and closed trajectories, there is a domain of closed (dancing) and open (swapping) trajectories that do not materialize in an unbounded shear flow. The width of this region grows as 1/z(0) at smaller separations from the wall. Along the swapping trajectories, which have been previously observed numerically, the incoming particle is turning back after the encounter with the reference particle, rather than passing it by, as the BG theory anticipates. The region of dancing trajectories has infinite volume and is separated from a BG-type domain of closed trajectories that becomes compact due to presence of the wall. We found a one-parameter family of equilibrium states that were previously overlooked, whereas the pair of spheres flows as a whole without changing its configuration. These states are marginally stable and their perturbation yields a two-parameter family of the dancing trajectories, whereas the test particle is orbiting around a fixed point in a frame comoving with the reference particle. We suggest that the phase portrait obtained at z(0) >> a is topologically stable and can be extended down to rather small z(0) of several particle diameters. We confirm this hypothesis by direct numerical simulations of the Navier-Stokes equations with z(0) = 5a. Qualitatively the distant wall is the third body that changes the global topology of the phase portrait of two-particle interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society (APS) , 2020. Vol. 5, no 5, article id 054101
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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-276892DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.054101ISI: 000536405500003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85087856522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-276892DiVA, id: diva2:1445403
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QC 20200623

Available from: 2020-06-23 Created: 2020-06-23 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Ge, ZhouyangBrandt, Luca

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