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How to handle the policy conflict between resource circulationand hazardous substances in the use of waste?: Three countries’ regulations on contaminants in waste and their implications forresource circulation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3137-1571
Linköpings universitet.
2021 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A circular economy creates a policy conflict between increased resource circulationand decreased dispersal of hazardous substances. On the basis of three case studiesin the EU, we have therefore identified various regulatory questions that can be posedto address the occurrence of hazardous substances in the use of waste. For each ofthese questions, we have proposed two possible responses influencing the design ofthe regulation and analyzed their consequences both f rom a circularity and from a tox-icity perspective.Currently, the regulations focus on reducing the dispersal of hazardous substancesrather than stimulating resource circulation. The allowable contamination levels in thewaste are typically regulated in relation to its mass rather than its content of valuableresources. The regulation of hazards in waste can be further developed in two gen-eral ways, by emphasizing either the risk of exposure to hazards or the total contentof hazards. A risk approach is beneficial for short-term circularity and waste produc-ers. A hazard approach is beneficial for long-term circularity and waste users. In orderto improve the balancing of the policy conflict in question, values, underlying assump-tions, and the effects of hazardous substances and resource circulation need to be bet-ter understood

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021.
Keywords [en]
bottom ash, circular economy, industrial ecology, policy conflict, pollution prevention, Toxic-free environment
National Category
Environmental Management Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-289406DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13103ISI: 000612374900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85099920209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-289406DiVA, id: diva2:1523434
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2017-00219
Note

QC 20210129

Available from: 2021-01-28 Created: 2021-01-28 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/jiec.13103

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Johansson, Nils

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Citation style
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