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Dynamics of a compound droplet under the combined influence of electric field and shear flow
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics.
CNR, Inst Complex Syst, I-00185 Rome, Italy..
Indian Inst Technol Kanpur, Dept Mech Engn, Kanpur 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8306-0767
2021 (English)In: Physical Review Fluids, E-ISSN 2469-990X, Vol. 6, no 2, article id 023603Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a numerical investigation on the dynamics of a compound droplet under the combined influence of an applied electric field and shear flow. The paper is carried out by solving the electro-hydrodynamic equations in a two-dimensional framework, and the interface is captured using a volume-of-fluid approach. Both perfect dielectric as well as leaky dielectric fluids are considered. For the case of dielectric fluids, the deformation of both the inner and outer interfaces can be modulated by either variation of the permittivity contrast between the fluids or the applied field strength. The nature of the polarization forces acting at both the interfaces can be either compressive or tensile depending on the magnitude of the permittivity ratio. The investigations for leaky dielectric fluids reveal that the ratio of electrical permittivity and conductivity between the two phases plays a critical role in deciding the magnitude of deformation and orientation of the compound droplet. The variation of charge accumulated at the interfaces modifies the behavior of the Coulombic forces thereby fundamentally altering the droplet deformation and orientation characteristics. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the electric field can be suitably applied to engender breakup of the compound droplets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society (APS) , 2021. Vol. 6, no 2, article id 023603
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-291068DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.6.023603ISI: 000616498400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85101231426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-291068DiVA, id: diva2:1532491
Note

QC 20210302

Available from: 2021-03-02 Created: 2021-03-02 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Borthakur, Manash Pratim

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CiteExportLink to record
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