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A chronicle of SARS-CoV-2: Seasonality, environmental fate, transport, inactivation, and antiviral drug resistance
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 405, article id 124043Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this review, we present the environmental perspectives of the viruses and antiviral drugs related to SARS-CoV-2. The present review paper discusses occurrence, fate, transport, susceptibility, and inactivation mechanisms of viruses in the environment as well as environmental occurrence and fate of antiviral drugs, and prospects (prevalence and occurrence) of antiviral drug resistance (both antiviral drug resistant viruses and antiviral resistance in the human). During winter, the number of viral disease cases and environmental occurrence of antiviral drug surge due to various biotic and abiotic factors such as transmission pathways, human behaviour, susceptibility, and immunity as well as cold climatic conditions. Adsorption and persistence critically determine the fate and transport of viruses in the environment. Inactivation and disinfection of virus include UV, alcohol, and other chemical-base methods but the susceptibility of virus against these methods varies. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are major reserviors of antiviral drugs and their metabolites and transformation products. Ecotoxicity of antiviral drug residues against aquatic organisms have been reported, however more threatening is the development of antiviral resistance, both in humans and in wild animal reservoirs. In particular, emergence of antiviral drug-resistant viruses via exposure of wild animals to high loads of antiviral residues during the current pandemic needs further evaluation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2021. Vol. 405, article id 124043
Keywords [en]
Antiviral drugs, Coronavirs, COVID-19, Ecotoxicity, Persistance, resistance, Virus, Water, Aquatic organisms, Behavioral research, Binary alloys, Diseases, Metabolites, Sewage treatment plants, Uranium alloys, Wastewater treatment, Antiviral resistance, Climatic conditions, Environmental fate, Environmental occurrence, Fate and transport, Inactivation mechanisms, Transformation products, Wastewater treatment plants, Viruses
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-290603DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124043ISI: 000616179100004PubMedID: 33268203Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85093086844OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-290603DiVA, id: diva2:1535592
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QC 20210309

Available from: 2021-03-09 Created: 2021-03-09 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Bhattacharya, Prosun

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CiteExportLink to record
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