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Hurry Up, We Need to Find the Key! How Regulatory Focus Design Affects Children's Trust in a Social Robot
Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala Social Robot Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Computational Science and Technology (CST).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0340-3860
Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala Social Robot Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn IST, Dept Comp Sci & Engn, Lisbon, Portugal..
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2021 (English)In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 8, article id 652035Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In educational scenarios involving social robots, understanding the way robot behaviors affect children's motivation to achieve their learning goals is of vital importance. It is crucial for the formation of a trust relationship between the child and the robot so that the robot can effectively fulfill its role as a learning companion. In this study, we investigate the effect of a regulatory focus design scenario on the way children interact with a social robot. Regulatory focus theory is a type of self-regulation that involves specific strategies in pursuit of goals. It provides insights into how a person achieves a particular goal, either through a strategy focused on "promotion" that aims to achieve positive outcomes or through one focused on "prevention" that aims to avoid negative outcomes. In a user study, 69 children (7-9 years old) played a regulatory focus design goal-oriented collaborative game with the EMYS robot. We assessed children's perception of likability and competence and their trust in the robot, as well as their willingness to follow the robot's suggestions when pursuing a goal. Results showed that children perceived the prevention-focused robot as being more likable than the promotion-focused robot. We observed that a regulatory focus design did not directly affect trust. However, the perception of likability and competence was positively correlated with children's trust but negatively correlated with children's acceptance of the robot's suggestions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media SA , 2021. Vol. 8, article id 652035
Keywords [en]
trust, child-robot interaction, regulatory focus, goal orientation, affective, emotional robot
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-299494DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2021.652035ISI: 000675557600001PubMedID: 34307468Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85111265509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-299494DiVA, id: diva2:1584189
Note

QC 20210811

Available from: 2021-08-11 Created: 2021-08-11 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Elgarf, MahaPeters, Christopher

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