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Thermal Energy Storage and Heat Transfer of Nano-Enhanced Phase Change Material (NePCM) in a Shell and Tube Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Unit with a Partial Layer of Eccentric Copper Foam
Ton Duc Thang University. (Metamaterials for Mechanical, Biomechanical and Multiphysical Applications Research Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0965-2358
Islamic Azad University, Yasooj. (Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yasooj Branch)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8812-5905
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. (Department of Mechanical Engineering)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7556-0040
Université Ferhat Abbas Sétif-1; Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment. (Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Chimiques)
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2021 (English)In: Molecules, ISSN 1431-5157, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 26, no 5, article id 1491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermal energy storage units conventionally have the drawback of slow charging response. Thus, heat transfer enhancement techniques are required to reduce charging time. Using nanoadditives is a promising approach to enhance the heat transfer and energy storage response time of materials that store heat by undergoing a reversible phase change, so-called phase change materials. In the present study, a combination of such materials enhanced with the addition of nanometer-scale graphene oxide particles (called nano-enhanced phase change materials) and a layer of a copper foam is proposed to improve the thermal performance of a shell-and-tube latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) unit filled with capric acid. Both graphene oxide and copper nanoparticles were tested as the nanometer-scale additives. A geometrically nonuniform layer of copper foam was placed over the hot tube inside the unit. The metal foam layer can improve heat transfer with an increase of the composite thermal conductivity. However, it suppressed the natural convection flows and could reduce heat transfer in the molten regions. Thus, a metal foam layer with a nonuniform shape can maximize thermal conductivity in conduction-dominant regions and minimize its adverse impacts on natural convection flows. The heat transfer was modeled using partial differential equations for conservations of momentum and heat. The finite element method was used to solve the partial differential equations. A backward differential formula was used to control the accuracy and convergence of the solution automatically. Mesh adaptation was applied to increase the mesh resolution at the interface between phases and improve the quality and stability of the solution. The impact of the eccentricity and porosity of the metal foam layer and the volume fraction of nanoparticles on the energy storage and the thermal performance of the LHTES unit was addressed. The layer of the metal foam notably improves the response time of the LHTES unit, and a 10% eccentricity of the porous layer toward the bottom improved the response time of the LHTES unit by 50%. The presence of nanoadditives could reduce the response time (melting time) of the LHTES unit by 12%, and copper nanoparticles were slightly better than graphene oxide particles in terms of heat transfer enhancement. The design parameters of the eccentricity, porosity, and volume fraction of nanoparticles had minimal impact on the thermal energy storage capacity of the LHTES unit, while their impact on the melting time (response time) was significant. Thus, a combination of the enhancement method could practically reduce the thermal charging time of an LHTES unit without a significant increase in its size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, Switzerland, 2021. Vol. 26, no 5, article id 1491
Keywords [en]
latent heat thermal energy storage; annuli enclosure; graphene oxide nanoparticles; copper metal foam; thermal enhancement
National Category
Other Materials Engineering Other Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-301149DOI: 10.3390/molecules26051491ISI: 000628437000001PubMedID: 33803388Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85103862773OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-301149DiVA, id: diva2:1591054
Note

QC 20210907

Available from: 2021-09-05 Created: 2021-09-05 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved

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Saffari Pour, MohsenHulme-Smith, Christopher

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Ghalambaz, MohammadMansouri Mehryan, Seyed AbdollahAyoubi Ayoubloo, KasraYounis, ObaiSaffari Pour, MohsenHulme-Smith, Christopher
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