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Robot-Mediated Inclusive Processes in Groups of Children: From Gaze Aversion to Mutual Smiling Gaze
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2307-956x
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7130-0826
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2212-4325
2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 9, article id 729146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our work is motivated by the idea that social robots can help inclusive processes in groups of children, focusing on the case of children who have newly arrived from a foreign country and their peers at school. Building on an initial study where we tested different robot behaviours and recorded children's interactions mediated by a robot in a game, we present in this paper the findings from a subsequent analysis of the same video data drawing from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. We describe how this approach differs from predominantly quantitative video analysis in HRI; how mutual gaze appeared as a challenging interactional accomplishment between unacquainted children, and why we focused on this phenomenon. We identify two situations and trajectories in which children make eye contact: asking for or giving instructions, and sharing an emotional reaction. Based on detailed analyses of a selection of extracts in the empirical section, we describe patterns and discuss the links between the different situations and trajectories, and relationship building. Our findings inform HRI and robot design by identifying complex interactional accomplishments between two children, as well as group dynamics which support these interactions. We argue that social robots should be able to perceive such phenomena in order to better support inclusion of outgroup children. Lastly, by explaining how we combined approaches and showing how they build on each other, we also hope to demonstrate the value of interdisciplinary research, and encourage it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media SA , 2022. Vol. 9, article id 729146
Keywords [en]
interactions in groups, robot-mediated interaction, video analysis, gaze behaviour, conversation analysis, ingroup inclusion, interdisciplinary study
National Category
Social Work Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-313324DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2022.729146ISI: 000797894900001PubMedID: 35308460Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85127111341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-313324DiVA, id: diva2:1664290
Note

QC 20220603

Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-03 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Tuncer, SylvaineGillet, SarahLeite, Iolanda

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