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Glycan processing in gut microbiomes
Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Biosci, N-1433 As, Norway..ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3527-8101
Univ Michigan, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Med Sch, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1102-8343
Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Chem Biotechnol & Food Sci, N-1433 As, Norway..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3372-8773
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2022 (English)In: Current Opinion in Microbiology, ISSN 1369-5274, E-ISSN 1879-0364, Vol. 67, p. 102143-, article id 102143Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Microbiomes and their enzymes process many of the nutrients accessible in the gastrointestinal tract of bilaterians and play an essential role in host health and nutrition. In this review, we describe recent insights into nutrient processing in microbiomes across three exemplary yet contrasting gastrointestinal ecosystems (humans, ruminants and insects), with focus on bacterial mechanisms for the utilization of common and atypical dietary glycans as well as host-derived mucus glycans. In parallel, we discuss findings from multi-omic studies that have provided new perspectives on understanding glycan-dependent interactions and the complex food-webs of microbial populations in their natural habitat. Using key examples, we emphasize how increasing understanding of glycan processing by gut microbiomes can provide critical insights to assist 'microbiome reprogramming', a growing field that seeks to leverage diet to improve animal growth and host health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV , 2022. Vol. 67, p. 102143-, article id 102143
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-315717DOI: 10.1016/j.mib.2022.102143ISI: 000819658800007PubMedID: 35338908Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85126872931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-315717DiVA, id: diva2:1683656
Note

QC 20220718

Available from: 2022-07-18 Created: 2022-07-18 Last updated: 2022-07-18Bibliographically approved

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McKee, Lauren S.

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