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Click Chemistry: A Promising Tool for Building Hierarchical Structures
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4686-603x
2022 (English)In: Polymers, E-ISSN 2073-4360, Vol. 14, no 19, article id 4077Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hierarchical structures are utilized at different levels in nature. Moreover, a wide spectrum of nature’s properties (e.g., mechanical, physical and biological properties) has been attributed to this hierarchy. Different reviews have been published to cover the use of click chemistry in building hierarchical structures. However, each one of those reviews focused on a narrow area on this topic, i.e., specific chemical reaction, such as in thiol-ene chemistry, or a specific molecule or compound such as polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane, or a certain range of hierarchical structures between the nano to micro range, e.g., nanocrystals. In this review, a frame to connect the dots between the different published works has been demonstrated. This article will not attempt to give an exhaustive review of all the published work in the field, instead the potential of click chemistry to build hierarchical structures of different levels using building blocks of different length scales has been shown through two main approaches. The first is a one-step direct formation of 3D micro/macrometer dimensions structures from Pico dimensions structures (molecules, monomers, etc.). The second approach includes several steps Pico ➔ 0D nano ➔ 1D nano ➔ 2D nano ➔ 3D nano/micro/macro dimensions structures. Another purpose of this review article is to connect between (a) the atomic theory, which covers the atoms and molecules in the picometer dimensions (picoscopic chemistry set); (b) “nano-periodic system” model, which covers different nanobuilding blocks in the nanometers range such as nanoparticles, dendrimers, buckyball, etc. which was developed by Tomalia; and (c) the micro/macrometer dimensions level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2022. Vol. 14, no 19, article id 4077
Keywords [en]
click chemistry, hierarchial structures, 0D/nano/micro building blocks
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-321256DOI: 10.3390/polym14194077ISI: 000867030900001PubMedID: 36236024Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85139979265OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-321256DiVA, id: diva2:1710118
Note

QC 20221111

Available from: 2022-11-11 Created: 2022-11-11 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Badria, Adel

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