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Assessing differences in safety perceptions using GeoAI and survey across neighbourhoods in Stockholm, Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment. Senseable Stockholm Lab (SSL).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2050-8365
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment. Senseable Stockholm Lab (SSL). (STF)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
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2023 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 236, p. 104768-104768, article id 104768Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The safety perception of the built environment, rather than the sheer number of crimes and incivility behavior, is a fundamental driver of public policies intended to improve urban safety. Traditional surveys often capture neighborhood residents’ perceived safety, but may not fully reflect the perceptions of people who are unfamiliar with the area. In this study, focused on the city of Stockholm, Sweden, we develop a geospatial artificial intelligence (GeoAI) approach using street view images and recruiting locals to create a measure of citywide residents’ safety perceptions. We compare the measures from the survey based on neighborhood residents’ responses with those from the GeoAI approach to better understand the relationship between these safety measures. We model the two forms of safety perceptions and their disparities (i.e., perception bias) as a function of the city’s land use and its socio-demographics. Results confirm that while the GeoAI-based measures better capture people’s instant impressions of the built environment across the city, the survey-based measures reflect their overall daily experiences of specific areas. Regions that appear to be economically vibrant and have inner-city streetscapes are perceived as safe places from visual appearance but are not always perceived as such by residents. Older adults tend to overestimate their likelihood of being victimized by crime, which may enlarge perception bias. The study concludes by critically assessing the potential ethical issues (e.g., spatial bias, population bias) in the proposed methodology and making suggestions for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV , 2023. Vol. 236, p. 104768-104768, article id 104768
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Architecture, Urban Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-326752DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2023.104768ISI: 000990616100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85152740824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-326752DiVA, id: diva2:1755959
Note

QC 20230613

Available from: 2023-05-09 Created: 2023-05-09 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Abraham, JonatanCeccato, VaniaLjungqvist, LukasNäsman, Per

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Kang, YuhaoAbraham, JonatanCeccato, VaniaLjungqvist, LukasNäsman, Per
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