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Investigating the Connections Between Delivery of Care, Reablement, Workload, and Organizational Factors in Home Care Services: Mixed Methods Study
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8218-4306
Karolinska Inst, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Theme Inflammat & Aging, Huddinge, Sweden.;Stockholms Sjukhem, Res & Dev Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Hlth, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Med Unit Occupat Therapy & Physiotherapy, Theme Womens Hlth & Allied Profess, Stockholm, Sweden..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3416-4535
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2023 (English)In: JMIR Human Factors, E-ISSN 2292-9495, Vol. 10, article id e42283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Home care is facing increasing demand due to an aging population. Several challenges have been identified in the provision of home care, such as the need for support and tailoring support to individual needs. Goal-oriented interventions, such as reablement, may provide a solution to some of these challenges. The reablement approach targets adaptation to disease and relearning of everyday life skills and has been found to improve health-related quality of life while reducing service use.Objective: The objective of this study is to characterize home care system variables (elements) and their relationships (connections) relevant to home care staff workload, home care user needs and satisfaction, and the reablement approach. This is to examine the effects of improvement and interventions, such as the person-centered reablement approach, on the delivery of home care services, workload, work-related stress, home care user experience, and other organizational factors. The main focus was on Swedish home care and tax-funded universal welfare systems.Methods: The study used a mixed methods approach where a causal loop diagram was developed grounded in participatory methods with academic health care science research experts in nursing, occupational therapy, aging, and the reablement approach. The approach was supplemented with theoretical models and the scientific literature. The developed model was verified by the same group of experts and empirical evidence. Finally, the model was analyzed qualitatively and through simulation methods.Results: The final causal loop diagram included elements and connections across the categories: stress, home care staff, home care user, organization, social support network of the home care user, and societal level. The model was able to qualitatively describe observed intervention outcomes from the literature. The analysis suggested elements to target for improvement and the potential impact of relevant studied interventions. For example, the elements "workload" and "distress" were important determinants of home care staff health, provision, and quality of care.Conclusions: The developed model may be of value for informing hypothesis formulation, study design, and discourse within the context of improvement in home care. Further work will include a broader group of stakeholders to reduce the risk of bias. Translation into a quantitative model will be explored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
JMIR Publications Inc. , 2023. Vol. 10, article id e42283
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Nursing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333252DOI: 10.2196/42283ISI: 001025960000001PubMedID: 37389904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-333252DiVA, id: diva2:1784780
Note

QC 20230731

Available from: 2023-07-31 Created: 2023-07-31 Last updated: 2023-07-31Bibliographically approved

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Darwich, Adam S.Raghothama, JayanthMeijer, Sebastiaan

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