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Would you help me?: Linking robot's perspective-taking to human prosocial behavior
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2212-4325
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7091-0104
Number of Authors: 32023 (English)In: HRI 2023: Proceedings of the 2023 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2023, p. 388-397Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Despite the growing literature on human attitudes toward robots, particularly prosocial behavior, little is known about how robots' perspective-taking, the capacity to perceive and understand the world from other viewpoints, could infuence such attitudes and perceptions of the robot. To make robots and AI more autonomous and self-aware, more researchers have focused on developing cognitive skills such as perspective-taking and theory of mind in robots and AI. The present study investigated whether a robot's perspectivetaking choices could infuence the occurrence and extent of exhibiting prosocial behavior toward the robot.We designed an interaction consisting of a perspective-taking task, where we manipulated how the robot instructs the human to fnd objects by changing its frame of reference and measured the human's exhibition of prosocial behavior toward the robot. In a between-subject study (N=70), we compared the robot's egocentric and addressee-centric instructions against a control condition, where the robot's instructions were object-centric. Participants' prosocial behavior toward the robot was measured using a voluntary data collection session. Our results imply that the occurrence and extent of prosocial behavior toward the robot were signifcantly infuenced by the robot's visuospatial perspective-taking behavior. Furthermore, we observed, through questionnaire responses, that the robot's choice of perspectivetaking could potentially infuence the humans' perspective choices, were they to reciprocate the instructions to the robot.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2023. p. 388-397
Keywords [en]
Human-robot interaction, perspective-taking, prosocial behavior
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333379DOI: 10.1145/3568162.3577000Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85150366958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-333379DiVA, id: diva2:1785046
Conference
18th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2023, Stockholm, Sweden, Mar 13 2023 - Mar 16 2023
Note

Part of ISBN 9781450399647

QC 20230801

Available from: 2023-08-01 Created: 2023-08-01 Last updated: 2023-08-01Bibliographically approved

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Leite, IolandaYadollahi, Elmira

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