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Building Occupants, Their Behavior and the Resulting Impact on Energy Use in Campus Buildings: A Literature Review with Focus on Smart Building Systems
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7382-9547
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2300-2581
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0744-6932
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9902-2087
2023 (English)In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 16, no 17, p. 6104-6104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the light of global climate change and the current energy crisis, it is crucial to target sustainable energy use in all sectors. Buildings still remain one of the most energy-demanding sectors. Campus buildings and higher educational buildings are important to target due to their high and increasing energy demand. This building segment also represents a research gap, as mostly office or domestic buildings have been studied previously. In the quest for thermal comfort, a key stakeholder in building energy demand is the building occupant. It is therefore crucial to promote energy-aware behaviors. The building systems are another key factor to consider. As conventional building systems are replaced with smart building systems, the entire scenario is redrawn for how building occupants interact with the building and its systems. This study argues that behavior is evolving with the smartness of building systems. By means of a semi-systematic literature review, this study presents key findings from peer-reviewed research that deal with building occupant behavior, building systems and energy use in campus buildings. The literature review was an iterative process based on six predefined research questions. Two key results are presented: a graph of reported energy-saving potentials and a conceptual framework to evaluate building occupants impact on building energy use. Furthermore, based on the identified research gaps in the selected literature, areas for future research are proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2023. Vol. 16, no 17, p. 6104-6104
Keywords [en]
behavior; energy use; campus buildings; building occupants; smart building systems; educational buildings
National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Energy Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344411DOI: 10.3390/en16176104ISI: 001070065200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85170534245OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-344411DiVA, id: diva2:1844925
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2018-016237
Note

QC 20240315

Available from: 2024-03-15 Created: 2024-03-15 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved

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Bäcklund, KatarinaMolinari, MarcoLundqvist, PerPalm, Björn

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