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Recent strides toward transforming lignin into plastics and aqueous electrolytes for flow batteries
Department of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia; Interdisciplinary Research Center for Refining & Advanced Chemicals, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia.
Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Process and Life Science Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
Centre for Analysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
Centre for Analysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden; Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94306, United States.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: iScience, E-ISSN 2589-0042, Vol. 27, nr 4, artikkel-id 109418Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Lignin is an abundant polyaromatic polymer with a wide range of potential future uses. However, the conversion of lignin into valuable products comes at a cost, and medium- to high-value applications are thus appropriate. Two examples of these are polymers (e.g., as fibers, plasticizers, or additives) and flow batteries (e.g., as redox species). Both of these areas would benefit from lignin-derived molecules with potentially low molecular weight and high (electro)chemical functionality. A promising route to obtain these molecules is oxidative lignin depolymerization, as it enables the formation of targeted compounds with multiple functionalities. An application with high potential in the production of plastics is the synthesis of new sustainable polymers. Employing organic molecules, such as quinones and heterocycles, would constitute an important step toward the sustainability of aqueous flow batteries, and lignin and its derivatives are emerging as redox species, mainly due to their low cost and renewability.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier Inc. , 2024. Vol. 27, nr 4, artikkel-id 109418
Emneord [en]
Biomass, Biotechnology, Chemical engineering, Engineering
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344827DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2024.109418Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85188137566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-344827DiVA, id: diva2:1847633
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QC 20240402

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-28 Laget: 2024-03-28 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-02bibliografisk kontrollert

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