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What’s the Look of "Negative Gender" and “Max Ethnicity” in AI-Generated Images? A Critical Visual Analysis of the Intersectional Politics of Portrayal
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0028-9030
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7794-3806
2024 (English)In: AltCHI. ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), ACM Digital Library, 2024Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this exploratory paper, we focus on intersecting design political and visual processes of gendering and racializing in online AI image generators, in particular ArtBreeder and Midjourney. While AI image generators are becoming an integrated part of our contemporary society, they draw on cultural and historical imaging conventions of sorting and ordering the world and the people in it. These tools' powerful visual rhetoric can potentially aggravate existing discrimination, if not critically reflected upon. We argue that these design-facilitated representations position the ‘user’ into cultural imagery of representations with political implications. With an intersectional perspective from the feminist visual analysis, we critique and uncover how gender and ethnicity are represented and built into the systems, both in terms of visual culture and in designed interactions. We problematize these design strategies, and urge the HCI community to engage in further design political inquiries regarding the visual culture mediated by AI image generators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2024.
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-345776DOI: 10.1145/3613905.3644057Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85194189643OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-345776DiVA, id: diva2:1852672
Conference
ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), Honolulu, USA, May 11, 2024 - May 16, 2024  
Note

QC 20240503

Available from: 2024-04-18 Created: 2024-04-18 Last updated: 2024-06-10Bibliographically approved

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Jääskeläinen, PetraÅsberg, Cecilia

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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