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Bio-refinery system of DME or CH4 production from black liquor gasification in pulp mills
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Energiprocesser.
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Energiprocesser.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 101, nr 3, s. 937-944Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is great interest in developing black liquor gasification technology over recent years for efficient recovery of bio-based residues in chemical pulp mills. Two potential technologies of producing dimethyl ether (DIME) and methane (CH4) as alternative fuels from black liquor gasification integrated with the pulp mill have been studied and compared in this paper. System performance is evaluated based on: (i) comparison with the reference pulp mill, (ii) fuel to product efficiency (FTPE) and (iii) biofuel production potential (BPP). The comparison with the reference mill shows that black liquor to biofuel route will add a highly significant new revenue stream to the pulp industry. The results indicate a large potential of DME and CH4 production globally in terms of black liquor availability. BPP and FTPE of CH4 production is higher than DME due to more optimized integration with the pulping process and elimination of evaporation unit in the pulp mill.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2010. Vol. 101, nr 3, s. 937-944
Nyckelord [en]
Black liquor gasification, Biofuels, Bioenergy, Dimethyl ether (DME), Methane, hydrogen-production, gas-turbines, co2 capture, paper-mills, energy, biomass, industry, reductions, emission, storage
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-18946DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.08.086ISI: 000271664600015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70450155383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-18946DiVA, id: diva2:336993
Anmärkning
QC 20100525Tillgänglig från: 2010-08-05 Skapad: 2010-08-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Bio-refinery system integrated with pulp and paper mills using black liquor gasification
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Bio-refinery system integrated with pulp and paper mills using black liquor gasification
2010 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Mitigation of climate change and energy security are major driving forces for increased biomass energy utilization. The pulp and paper industry consumes a large proportion of biomass worldwide that include bark, wood residues, and black liquor. Due to the fact that modern pulp and paper industries have established infrastructure for handling and processing biomass, it is possible to lay foundation for future gasification based bio-refineries to co-produce electricity, chemicals or bio-fuels together with pulp and paper products. There is a potential to export electricity or bio-fuels by improving today’s existing chemical pulp and paper mills integrating gasification technology.

The present study evaluates the energy conversion performance of integrated black liquor gasification (BLG) within the chemical pulp mills in comparison with conventional pulp mill energy system. The objective is to investigate and compare various BLG technologies and bio-fuel production routes. The comparison is performed to identify the advantageous route based on system performance indicators e.g. bio-fuel production potential, fuel to product efficiency (FTPE), biomass import, overall system thermal energy efficiency, on-site CO2 reduction using carbon capture, and potential CO2 offsets from bio-fuel use in transport sector.

The study on a variety of BLG configurations shows promising results for potential bio-fuel production offering significant contributions toward fossil fuel savings, emission reductions, and improved energy security. Methanol, synthetic natural gas (SNG) and dimethyl ether (DME) show promising features as potential fuel candidates. The comparative results show significantly larger bio-fuel production potential of black liquor conversion to SNG from catalytic hydrothermal gasification than DME, methanol or SNG production from the dry BLG (DBLG) and Chemrec BLG (CBLG) systems. The energy ratio of SNG production from the CHG system is higher than DME and methanol in the CBLG and the DBLG systems. When considering consequences of incremental biomass import, the DBLG system is far better than the CBLG and the CHG systems mainly due to the elimination of the lime kiln. Considerable reduction of on-site CO2 emissions could be achieved using CO2 capture and storage in the pulp mills. The CHG and the CBLG systems shows better performance results than the DBLG system comparing potential CO2 emissions offset from bio-fuels replacing fossil fuels.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. s. 52
Serie
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2010:48
Nyckelord
bio-refinery, biomass, black liquor gasification, bio-fuel, pulp mill, CO2, coversion efficiency, integration, synthesis gas
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27187 (URN)978-91-7415-784-0 (ISBN)
Presentation
2010-12-01, V21, KTH, Teknikringen 72, Stockholm, 13:22 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20101208Tillgänglig från: 2010-12-08 Skapad: 2010-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Analysing performance of bio-refinery systems by integrating black liquor gasification with chemical pulp mills
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysing performance of bio-refinery systems by integrating black liquor gasification with chemical pulp mills
2012 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Mitigation of climate change and energy security are major driving forces for increased biomass utilization. The pulp and paper industry consumes a large proportion of the biomass worldwide including bark, wood residues, and black liquor. Due to the fact that modern mills have established infrastructure for handling and processing biomass, it is possible to lay foundation for future gasification based bio-refineries to poly-produce electricity, chemicals or bio-fuels together with pulp and paper products. There is a potential to export electricity or bio-fuels by improving energy systems of existing chemical pulp mills by integrating gasification technology.

The present study investigates bio-fuel alternatives from the dry black liquor gasification (BLG) system with direct causticization and direct methane production from the catalytic hydrothermal gasification (CHG) system. The studied systems are compared with bio-fuel alternatives from the Chemrec BLG system and the improvements in the energy systems of the pulp mill are analyzed. The results are used to identify the efficient route based on system performance indicators e.g. material and energy balances to compare BLG systems and the conventional recovery boiler system, potential biofuel production together with biomass to biofuel conversion efficiency, energy ratios, potential CO2 mitigation combining on-site CO2 reduction using CO2 capture and potential CO2 offsets from biofuel use, and potential motor fuel replacement.

The results showed that the dry BLG system for synthetic natural gas (SNG) production offers better integration opportunities with the chemical pulp mill in terms of overall material and energy balances. The biofuel production and conversion efficiency are higher in the CHG system than other studied configurations but at a cost of larger biomass import. The dry BLG system for SNG production achieved high biomass to biofuel efficiency and considerable biofuel production. The energy ratio is significant in the dry BLG (SNG) system with less biomass demand and considerable net steam production in the BLG island. The elimination of the lime kiln in the dry BLG systems resulted in reduced consequences of incremental biomass import and associated CO2 emissions. Hydrogen production in the dry BLG system showed the highest combined CO2 mitigation potential i.e. on-site CO2 capture potential and CO2 offset from biofuel replacing fossil fuel. The results also showed that the motor fuel replacement potential with SNG as compressed natural gas (CNG) replacing gasoline in the transport sector is significantly high in countries with large pulp industry.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. s. x, 73
Serie
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2012:16
Nyckelord
Bio-refinery, Biomass, Black liquor gasification, Bio-fuel, Pulp mill, CO2, Conversion efficiency, Integration, Synthesis gas
Nationell ämneskategori
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95524 (URN)978-91-7501-319-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2012-06-08, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20120528Tillgänglig från: 2012-05-28 Skapad: 2012-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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