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Networked estimation under contention-based medium access
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control, ISSN 1049-8923, E-ISSN 1099-1239, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 140-155Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies networked estimation over a communication channel shared by a contention-based medium access protocol. A collection of N identical and physically decoupled scalar systems are sampled without sensor noise and transmitted over a common channel, using a contention-based medium access mechanism. We first carry out a calculation of the average distortion in estimation with irregular samples. Given the rate of packet generation at sensors, we characterize the traffic characteristics of the some contention-based MAC schemes. This lets us derive the statistics of inter-arrival times which in turn allows us to compute the packet loss rates and also the statistics of delay within a sample period. Using these results, we track the estimation performance as the sample generation rate and the number of contending nodes are varied. We provide a heuristic rule-of-thumb for choosing the sampling interval which minimizes the average distortion. By combining the network traffic characterization with that of the estimation performance, we show this rule performs pretty well. Carrying along the same lines, we are able to compute the scaling limits of estimation performance with respect to the number of contending nodes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2010. Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 140-155
Emneord [en]
networked estimation, cross-layer analysis, cross-layer tradeoffs, MAC, protocols, sampling rates, communication bandwidth constraints, control-systems
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-19108DOI: 10.1002/rnc.1459ISI: 000273545600003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-75749100976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-19108DiVA, id: diva2:337155
Merknad
QC 20100525Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-08-05 Laget: 2010-08-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Design of Reliable Communication Solutions for Wireless Sensor Networks: Managing Interference in Unlicensed Bands
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Design of Reliable Communication Solutions for Wireless Sensor Networks: Managing Interference in Unlicensed Bands
2009 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Recent surveys conducted in the context of industrial automation have outlined that reliability concerns represent today one of the major barriers to the diffusion of wireless communications for sensing and control applications: this limits the potential of wireless sensor networks and slows down the adoption of this new technology. Overcoming these limitations requires that awareness on the causes of unreliability and on the possible solutions to this problem is created. With this respect, the main factor responsible for the perceived unreliability is radio interference: low-power communications of sensor nodes are in fact very sensitive to bad channel conditions and can be easily corrupted by transmissions of other co-located devices. In this thesis we investigate different techniques that can be exploited to avoid interference or mitigate its effects.We first consider interference avoidance through dynamic spectrum access: more specifically we focus on the idea of channel surfing and design algorithms that allow sensor nodes to identify interfered channels, discover their neighbors and maintain a connected topology in multi-channel environments. Our investigation shows that detecting and thus avoiding interference is a feasible task that can be performed by complexity and power constrained devices. In the context of spectrum sharing, we further consider the case of networked estimation and aim at quantifying the effects of intranetwork interference, induced by contention-based medium access, over the performance of an estimation system. We show that by choosing in an opportune manner their probability of transmitting, sensors belonging to a networked control system can minimize the average distortion of state estimates.In the second part of this thesis we focus on frequency hopping techniques and propose a new adaptive hopping algorithm. This implements a new approach for frequency hopping: in particular rather than aiming at removing bad channels from the adopted hopset our algorithm uses all the available frequencies but with probabilities that depend on the experienced channel conditions. Our performance evaluation shows that this approach outperforms traditional frequency hopping schemes as well as the adaptive implementation included in the IEEE 802.15.1 radio standard leading to a lower packet error rate.Finally, we consider the problem of sensor networks reprogramming and propose a way for ingineering a coding solution based on fountain codes and suitable for this challenging task. Using an original genetic approach we optimize the degree distribution of the used codes so as to achieve both low overhead and low decoding complexity. We further engineer the implementation of fountain codes in order to allow the recovery of corrupted information through overhearing and improve the resilience of the considered reprogramming protocol to channel errors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. s. vii, 142
Serie
Trita-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347 ; 0901
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10257 (URN)
Presentation
2009-05-14, Sal/Hall C1, KTH Electrum, Isafjordsgatan 26, KISTA, 14:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-05-07 Laget: 2009-04-23 Sist oppdatert: 2010-11-01bibliografisk kontrollert

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