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University decentralization as regional policy: the Swedish experiment
KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Fastigheter och byggande.
KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Fastigheter och byggande.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9944-0510
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 371-388Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

During the past 15 years, Swedish higher education policy has emphasized the spatial decentralization of post-secondary education. We investigate the economic effects of this decentralization policy on productivity and output per worker. We rely upon a 14-year panel of output and employment for Sweden's 285 municipalities, together with data on the location of university-based researchers and students, to estimate the effects of exogenous changes in educational policy upon regional development. We find important and significant effects of this policy upon the average productivity of workers, suggesting that the economic effects of the decentralization on regional development are economically important. We also find evidence of highly significant, but extremely localized, externalities in productivity. This is consistent with recent findings (e.g., Rosenthal and Strange, 2003) on agglomeration in 'knowledge industries.'

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2004. Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 371-388
Emneord [en]
agglomeration economies, knowledge spillovers, regional productivity, increasing returns, spillovers, geography, growth
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23655DOI: 10.1093/jnlecg/lbh031ISI: 000223372200002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-4043104735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23655DiVA, id: diva2:342354
Merknad
QC 20100525 QC 20110926Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-08-10 Laget: 2010-08-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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