Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Long-wavelength infrared quantum-dot based interband photodetectors
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Integrerade komponenter och kretsar.
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Integrerade komponenter och kretsar.
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Fotonik och optik (Stängd 20120101), Fotonik (Stängd 20120101).
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Integrerade komponenter och kretsar.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8760-1137
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Infrared physics & technology, ISSN 1350-4495, E-ISSN 1879-0275, Vol. 54, nr 3, s. 287-291Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on the design and fabrication of (Al)GaAs(Sb)/InAs tensile strained quantum-dot (QD) based detector material for thermal infrared imaging applications in the long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) regime. The detection is based on transitions between confined dot states and continuum states in a type-II band lineup, and we therefore refer to it as a dot-to-bulk (D2B) infrared photodetector with expected benefits including long carrier lifetime due to the type-II band alignment, suppressed Shockley-Read-Hall generation-recombination due to the relatively large-bandgap matrix material, inhibited Auger recombination processes due to the tensile strain and epitaxial simplicity. Metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy was used to grow multiple (Al)GaAs(Sb) QD layers on InAs substrates at different QD nominal thicknesses, compositions, doping conditions and multilayer periods, and the material was characterized using atomic force and transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared absorption spectroscopy. Dot densities up to 1 x 10(11) cm(-2), 1 x 10(12) cm(-2) and 3 x 10(10) cm(-2) were measured for GaAs, AlGaAs and GaAsSb QDs, respectively. Strong absorption in GaAs, AlGaAs and GaAsSb multilayer QD samples was observed in the wavelength range 6-12 mu m. From the wavelength shift in the spectral absorption for samples with varying QD thickness and composition it is believed that the absorption is due to an intra- valance band transition. From this it is possible to estimate the type-II inter-band transition wavelength, thereby suggesting that (Al)GaAs(Sb) QD/InAs heterostructures are suitable candidates for LWIR detection and imaging.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2011. Vol. 54, nr 3, s. 287-291
Nyckelord [en]
Photodetector, LWIR, QD, MOVPE
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34662DOI: 10.1016/j.infrared.2010.12.031ISI: 000290973200028Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79955029475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34662DiVA, id: diva2:425267
Anmärkning

QC 20110621 Ingår i konferens: International Conference on the Quantum Structure Infrared Photodector (QSIP), Istanbul, TURKEY, AUG 15-20, 2010

Tillgänglig från: 2011-06-21 Skapad: 2011-06-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Type-II interband quantum dot photodetectors
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Type-II interband quantum dot photodetectors
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Photon detectors based on single-crystalline materials are of great interest for high performance imaging applications due to their low noise and fast response. The major detector materials for sensing in the long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) band (8-14 µm) are currently HgCdTe (MCT) and AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells (QW) used in intraband-based quantum-well infrared photodetectors (QWIPs). These either suffer from compositional variations that are detrimental to the system performance as in the case of MCT, or, have an efficient dark current generation mechanism that limits the operating temperature as for QWIPs. The need for increased on-wafer uniformity and elevated operating temperatures has resulted in the development of various alternative approaches, such as type-II strained-layer superlattice detectors (SLSs) and intraband quantum-dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs).

In this work, we mainly explore two self-assembled quantum-dot (QD) materials for use as the absorber material in photon detectors for the LWIR, with the aim to develop low-dark current devices that can allow for high operating temperatures and high manufacturability. The detection mechanism is here based on type-II interband transitions from bound hole states in the QDs to continuum states in the matrix material.

Metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE) was used to fabricate (Al)GaAs(Sb)/InAs and In(Ga)Sb/InAs QD structures for the development of an LWIR active material. A successive analysis of (Al)GaAs(Sb) QDs using absorption spectroscopy shows strong absorption in the range 6-12 µm interpreted to originate in intra-valence band transitions. Moreover, record-long photoluminescence (PL) wavelength up to 12 µm is demonstrated in InSb- and InGaSb QDs.

Mesa-etched single-pixel photodiodes were fabricated in which photoresponse is demonstrated up to 8 µm at 230 K with 10 In0.5Ga0.5Sb QD layers as the active region. The photoresponse is observed to be strongly temperature-dependent which is explained by hole trapping in the QDs. In the current design, the photoresponse is thermally limited at typical LWIR sensor operating temperatures (60-120 K), which is detrimental to the imaging performance. This can potentially be resolved by selecting a matrix material with a smaller barrier for thermionic emission of photo-excited holes. If such an arrangement can be achieved, type-II interband InGaSb QD structures can turn out to be interesting as a high-operating-temperature sensor material for thermal imaging applications.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. s. 81
Serie
TRITA-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2013:03
Nyckelord
photodetector, quantum dot, infrared, MOVPE, thermal imaging, type-II, photoluminescence, III/V, InSb, InGaSb, InAs
Nationell ämneskategori
Nanoteknik
Forskningsämne
SRA - Informations- och kommunikationsteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122294 (URN)978-91-7501-779-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2013-06-14, Room D, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20130521

Tillgänglig från: 2013-05-21 Skapad: 2013-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-29Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Materials and Processing Technologies for Advanced Electronic and Photonic Devices
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Materials and Processing Technologies for Advanced Electronic and Photonic Devices
2014 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. s. 84
Serie
TRITA-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2014:15
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157138 (URN)978-91-7595-351-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2014-12-17, Sal/Hal A, Electrum, KTH-ICT, Kista, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20141208

Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-08 Skapad: 2014-12-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextScopus

Personposter BETA

Hallén, AndersHammar, Mattias

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Gustafsson, OscarBerggren, JesperEkenberg, UlfHallén, AndersHammar, MattiasZhang, A.
Av organisationen
Integrerade komponenter och kretsarFotonik (Stängd 20120101)
I samma tidskrift
Infrared physics & technology
Elektroteknik och elektronik

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 173 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf