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Signal Control of Roundabouts
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Trafik och logistik.
Ramböll, Sweden, Traffic and Transport.
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: 6TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON HIGHWAY CAPACITY AND QUALITY OF SERVICE, 2011Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

During the last decade many traffic signal controlled intersections have been replaced by roundabouts. There has been a trend towards the establishment of roundabouts where pedestrians and cyclists need to be considered specifically, sometimes by including one or more signal controlled crosswalks. Knowledge on adequate design, control and effects of different solutions, particularly with accessibility and traffic safety in mind, has been limited in Sweden. This lack of knowledge was the basis for a project in 2007 financed by the Swedish National Road Administration and which was divided into two parts. In the first part an inventory of available knowledge on signal controlled roundabouts both in Sweden and abroad was carried out. The following alternative forms of signal control were determined for the projects aspects: A1: Signal controlled crosswalks at the approach and in the direct vicinity of the gyratory (off signal). A2: Signal control of crosswalks at the approach up-and downstream. B1: Complete signal control of an approach. The crosswalks on both directions are passed in a single step. B2: Complete signal control of an approach. The crosswalks are passed in two steps (with intermediate stops). C: Coordinated, fully signal control of the roundabout. In the second part of the project accessibility analysis for the different alternatives was carried out with the help of field studies and calculations using the traffic modeling tool TRANSYT for signal optimization and VISSIM for evaluation of the effects. The traffic safety aspects were analyzed with the aid of specific interviews with the regulatory organizations, accident statistics from STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) and field studies of traffic behavior at two roundabout locations. The project concluded following recommendations regarding accessibility and safety: Alternative (A1) should be avoided from both a capacity and a traffic safety aspect. Use B. Alternative (A2) should be placed a minimum of 22 m from the roundabout due to both capacity and a traffic safety aspects. Alternative (B2), which has higher capacity than (B1) can be applied if there is a need for signalized crosswalks. Alternative (C) can be considered due to capacity constraints at high pedestrians' flow of several approaches.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2011.
Serie
Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428 ; 16
Nyckelord [en]
Signalized roundabout, Crosswalks, Delay, TRANSYT, VISSIM, STRADA
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-92414DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.492ISI: 000298556100069Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79960054897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-92414DiVA, id: diva2:514973
Konferens
6th International Symposium on Highway Capacity and Quality of Service (ISHC) JUN 28-JUL 01, 2011 Stockholm, SWEDEN
Anmärkning
QC 20120411Tillgänglig från: 2012-04-11 Skapad: 2012-04-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-04-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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