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Microstructure and inhomogeneous fuel trapping at divertor surfaces in the JET tokamak
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik.
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik.
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, ISSN 0168-583X, E-ISSN 1872-9584, Vol. 332, s. 266-270Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The plasma deposited layers at divertor surfaces in the JET tokamak with carbon wall have been studied post mortem, using micro ion beam analysis (mu-IBA) methods, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The layers were formed during plasma operations over different periods through 1998-2009. They frequently have a columnar structure. For mu-IBA a 3 MeV He-3 beam was used, focused to about 5-15 mu m size. Nuclear reaction analysis was used to measure D, Be and C. Elemental mapping was carried out both at the original surface and on polished layer cross sections. Trapped deuterium is predominantly found in remote areas on the horizontal bottom divertor tiles and in regions with locally enhanced deuterium concentration on the vertical tiles. Pockets with enhanced deuterium concentration are found in the carbon fibre composite (CFC) substrate. Areas with dimensions of about 100 mu m with enhanced deuterium concentration are also found inside the deposited layers. The inhomogeneous fuel trapping is tentatively explained with co-deposition in partly protected pits in the substrate and by incorporation of dust particles in the growing layers.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. Vol. 332, s. 266-270
Nyckelord [en]
Deposited layers, Deuterium retention, Fusion, Microbeam, Microstructure
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145072DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2014.02.075ISI: 000339131200059Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902548923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145072DiVA, id: diva2:716110
Konferens
21st International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis (IBA), Amer Vacuum Soc, Pacific NW Chapter, Seattle, WA
Anmärkning

QC 20140819

Tillgänglig från: 2014-05-08 Skapad: 2014-05-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Experimental studies of materials migration in magnetic confinement fusion devices: Novel methods for measurement of macro particle migration, transport of atomic impurities and characterization of exposed surfaces
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Experimental studies of materials migration in magnetic confinement fusion devices: Novel methods for measurement of macro particle migration, transport of atomic impurities and characterization of exposed surfaces
2014 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

During several decades of research and development in the field of Magnetically Confined Fusion (MCF) the preferred selection of materials for Plasma Facing Components (PFC) has changed repeatedly. Without doubt, endurance of the first wall will decide research availability and lifespan of the first International Thermonuclear Research Reactor (ITER). Materials erosion, redeposition and mixing in the reactor are the critical processes responsible for modification of materials properties under plasma impact. This thesis presents several diagnostic techniques and their applications for studies of materials transport in fusion devices. The measurements were made at the EXTRAP T2R Reversed Field Pinch operated in Alfvén laboratory at KTH (Sweden), the TEXTOR tokamak, recently shut down at Forschungszentrum Jülich (Germany) and in the JET tokamak at CCFE (UK). The main outcomes of the work are:

  • Development and application of a method for non-destructive capture and characterization of fast dust particles moving in the edge plasma of fusion devices, as well as particles generated upon laser-assisted cleaning of plasma exposed surfaces. 
  • Advancement of conventional broad beam and micro ion beam techniques to include measurement of tritium in the surfaces exposed in future D-T experiments. 
  • Adaption of the micro ion beam method for precision mapping of non uniform elements concentrations on irregular surfaces. 
  • Implementation of an isotopic marker to study the large scale materials migration in a tokamak and development of a method for fast non destructive sampling of the marker on surfaces of PFCs.
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. s. iv, 84
Serie
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2014:024
Nyckelord
fusion, tokamak, RFP, divertor, limiter, SOL, transport, migration, surface analysis, IBA, ion micro beam, beryllium, tritium
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145045 (URN)978-91-7595-147-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2014-05-16, F3, Lindstedsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20140508

Tillgänglig från: 2014-05-08 Skapad: 2014-05-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-05-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Bergsåker, HenricBykov, IgorPetersson, Per
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Fusionsplasmafysik
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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik

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