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Dynamic X-ray radiography for the determination of foamed bitumen bubble area distribution
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Väg- och banteknik.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 79-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Foam bitumen is highly efficient in wetting and coating the surface of mineral aggregate at lower temperature. In order to improve understanding and characterization of the bitumen foam, X-ray radiography was used to study the formation and decay of bitumen foam in 2D representation. Image segmentation analysis was used to determine the foam bubble size distribution. In addition, the main parameters influencing foam bitumen formation, water content, and temperature were also investigated. The results demonstrate the influence of the water content on morphology and expansion of foam bitumen bubbles. Adding more water in the foaming process leads to quick collapse of bubbles and intensifies coalescence of foam bitumen. Higher temperatures produces larger bubbles at early foaming stage compared to lower temperature. Moreover the morphology of bubble formation depends on the types of bitumen used. An exponential function has been implemented to represent the bubble area distribution.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 79-92
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158798DOI: 10.1007/s10853-014-8568-6ISI: 000345077000011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84949880571OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158798DiVA, id: diva2:786007
Merknad

QC 20150204

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-04 Laget: 2015-01-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Morphology Characterization of Foam Bitumen and Modeling for Low Temperature Asphalt Concrete
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Morphology Characterization of Foam Bitumen and Modeling for Low Temperature Asphalt Concrete
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Development of new asphalt technologies to reduce both energy consumption and CO2 production has attracted great interest in recent years. The use of foam bitumen, as one of them, is attractive due to the low investment and production cost. Formation and decay of foam bitumen is a highly dynamic temperature dependent process which makes characterization difficult. In this thesis, new experimental tools were developed and applied for characterizing the foam bitumen during the hot foaming process. 

One of the main goals of this study was to improve understanding and characterization of the foam bitumen formation and decay. X-ray radiography was used to study the formation and decay of foam bitumen in 2D representation. The results demonstrate that the morphology of bubble formation depends on the types of bitumen used. Moreover, theoretical investigation based on the 3D X-ray computed tomography scan dataset of bubble merging showed that the disjoining pressure increased as the gap between the bubbles in the surface layer (foam film) decreased with time and finally was ruptured. 

 Examining the foam bitumen stream right at the nozzle revealed that foam bitumen at a very early stage contains fragmented pieces of irregular size rather resembling a liquid than foam. The result from thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated that residual water content depends on the initial water content, and was found to be between 38 wt% and 48 wt% of the initial water content of 4 wt% to 6 wt%.

Moreover the influence of viscosity and surface tension on bubble shape and rise velocity of the bubbles using level-set method was implemented in finite element method. The modeling results were compared with bubble shape correlation map from literature. The results indicated that the bubble shapes are more dependent on the surface tension parameters than to the viscosity of the bitumen, whereas the bitumen viscosity is dominant for bubble rising velocity.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. s. xiv, 134
Serie
TRITA-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2016:1
Emneord
foam characteristics, evolution of foam bitumen bubbles, image analysis, modeling rising of bubble, foam asphalt mixture
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Transportvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183105 (URN)978-91-7595-865-1 (ISBN)
Disputas
2016-04-01, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

QC 20160303

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-03 Laget: 2016-02-29 Sist oppdatert: 2016-03-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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