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Effect of nitrogen seeding on the energy losses and on the time scales of the electron temperature and density collapse of type-I ELMs in JET with the ITER-like wall
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9546-4494
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 55, nr 2, artikel-id 023007Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The baseline type-I ELMy H-mode scenario has been re-established in JET with the new tungsten MKII-HD divertor and beryllium on the main wall (hereafter called the ITER-like wall, JET-ILW). The first JET-ILW results show that the confinement is degraded by 20-30% in the baseline scenarios compared to the previous carbon wall JET (JET-C) plasmas. The degradation is mainly driven by the reduction in the pedestal temperature. Stored energies and pedestal temperature comparable to the JET-C have been obtained to date in JET-ILW baseline plasmas only in the high triangularity shape using N-2 seeding. This work compares the energy losses during ELMs and the corresponding time scales of the temperature and density collapse in JET-ILWbaseline plasmas with and without N-2 seeding with similar JET-C baseline plasmas. ELMs in the JET-ILW differ from those with the carbon wall both in terms of time scales and energy losses. The ELM time scale, defined as the time to reach the minimum pedestal temperature soon after the ELM collapse, is similar to 2ms in the JET-ILW and lower than 1 ms in the JET-C. The energy losses are in the range Delta W-ELM/W-ped approximate to 7-12% in the JET-ILWand Delta W-ELM/W-ped approximate to 10-20% in JET-C, and fit relatively well with earlier multi-machine empirical scalings of Delta W-ELM/W-ped with collisionality. The time scale of the ELM collapse seems to be related to the pedestal collisionality. Most of the non-seeded JET-ILW ELMs are followed by a further energy drop characterized by a slower time scale similar to 8-10 ms (hereafter called slow transport events), that can lead to losses in the range Delta W-slow/W-ped approximate to 15-22%, slightly larger than the losses in JET-C. The N-2 seeding in JET-ILW significantly affects the ELMs. The JET-ILW plasmas with N-2 seeding are characterized by ELM energy losses and time scales similar to the JET-C and by the absence of the slow transport events.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 55, nr 2, artikel-id 023007
Nyckelord [en]
JET, ELM, ILW, energy losses, confinement
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161122DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/55/2/023007ISI: 000348843100008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84921895006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-161122DiVA, id: diva2:797090
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QC 20150323

Tillgänglig från: 2015-03-23 Skapad: 2015-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Frassinetti, Lorenzo

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