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Facilitators for the implementation of ergonomic interventions
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi. (Ergonomics)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5979-5504
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi. IMM Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7099-5352
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: The 47th International the Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference: Creating Sustainable work-environments / [ed] Fostervild, K.I., Johnsen, S.Å., Rydstedt, L., Watten, R.G., 2015Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Ergonomic interventions have often been studied with focus on the client company in which the intervention has been implemented and not from the perspective of the Occupational Health Service (OHS) company providing the expertise knowledge. The aim of the study was to explore factors within OHS companies which facilitate ergonomic interventions. Semi-structured interviews with twelve ergonomists employed at eight different OHS-companies in Sweden, were performed. Five main facilitators were identified as important for ergonomic interventions; having close relationships with the client, clients’ awareness of the wide-ranging competence of the ergonomist, utilization of standardized methods, specialization/industry knowledge and internal knowledge sharing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015.
Nyckelord [en]
Occupational Health Services, Ergonomic interventions, Interviews, Qualitative analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-178776DiVA, id: diva2:878196
Konferens
The 47th International the Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, NES2015, in Lillehammer, Norway, November 1-4th, 2015.
Anmärkning

QC 20151216

Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-08 Skapad: 2015-12-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Occupational health services in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders: Processes, tools and organizational aspects
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Occupational health services in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders: Processes, tools and organizational aspects
2017 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are associated with high costs and it is essential to prevent them. Occupational Health Services(OHS) provide expert services regarding work environment, health and rehabilitation of work related disorders. Risk assessments of the work environment can be an initial step for preventive measures, and ergonomists can be assigned by clients to assess exposures in the work environment. For such assignments different tools can be used. The aim of this thesis was to explore prerequisites, processes and practices of OHS consultants in Sweden within the domain of primary prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. This was explored through the work of ergonomists in their role of assessing ergonomics risks. The research methodology was both quantitative and qualitative. Data collection includes a web questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and inter- and intra-observer reliability tests. The results shows that ergonomics risk assessments were most commonly initiated reactively and a systematic work methodology for the risk assessment process was often lacking. Swedish ergonomists used only a few standardized tools for risk assessment. The Ergonomics provision from the Swedish Work Environment Authority, AFS-98, was widely used, but other observation-based tools were used far less often. Ergonomics risks were often assessed solely by means of observation, based on ergonomists’ knowledge and experience. The results also pointed to that that the reliability was not acceptable when risk assessment was performed without any standardized tool. Furthermore, the results point to that support from the OHS organizations is an important prerequisite for ergonomists to work with primary prevention. Further, opportunities for specialization within a specific industry sector seem to facilitate ergonomic interventions. It is also important to have close relationships with clients and to make them aware about ergonomists competence. Conclusively, this thesis identifies a numbers of areas in which OHS must develop to improve primary preventive services regarding work environment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 43
Serie
TRITA-STH ; 2017:2
Nyckelord
Risk assessment, Ergonomists, Observation-based tools, Inter-observer reliability, Intra-observer reliability, Riskbedömning, Ergonomer, Observationsverktyg, Interbedömarreliabilitet, Intrabedömarreliabilitet
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan hälsovetenskap
Forskningsämne
Teknik och hälsa
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200392 (URN)978-91-7729-271-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
2017-02-17, 9504, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 13:15
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20170127

Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-27 Skapad: 2017-01-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lind, CarlNyman, Teresia

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Av författaren/redaktören
Eliasson, KristinaLind, CarlNyman, Teresia
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Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

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