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Lattice Boltzmann Method for the evaporation of a suspended droplet
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Fysiokemisk strömningsmekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Fysiokemisk strömningsmekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2830-0454
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Fysiokemisk strömningsmekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3336-1462
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Interfacial phenomena and heat transfer, ISSN 2167-857X, Vol. 1, s. 245-258Artikkel i tidsskrift, Editorial material (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we consider a thermal multiphase lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to investigate the heating and vaporization of a suspended droplet. An important benefit from the LBM is that phase separation is generated spontaneously and jump conditions for heat and mass transfer are not imposed. We use double distribution functions in order to solve for momentum and energy equations. The force is incorporated via the exact difference method (EDM) scheme where different equations of state (EOS) are used, including the Peng-Robinson EOS. The equilibrium and boundary conditions are carefully studied. Results are presented for a hexane droplet set to evaporate in a superheated gas, for static condition and under gravitational effects. For the static droplet, the numerical simulations show that capillary pressure and the cooling effect at the interface play a major role. When the droplet is convected due to the gravitational field, the relative motion between the droplet and surrounding gas enhances the heat transfer. Evolution of density and temperature fields are illustrated in details.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Begell House, 2013. Vol. 1, s. 245-258
Emneord [en]
Phase change, thermal lattice Boltzmann, vaporization, droplet movement
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknisk mekanik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183480DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2013010175OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-183480DiVA, id: diva2:911670
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2010-3938Swedish Research Council, 2011-5355
Merknad

QC 20160314

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-14 Laget: 2016-03-14 Sist oppdatert: 2016-03-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Phase change, surface tension and turbulence in real fluids
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Phase change, surface tension and turbulence in real fluids
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Sprays are extensively used in industry, especially for fuels in internal combustion and gas turbine engines. An optimal fuel/air mixture prior to combustion is desired for these applications, leading to greater efficiency and minimal levels of emissions. The optimization depends on details regarding the different breakups, evaporation and mixing processes. Besides, one should take into consideration that these different steps depend on physical properties of the gas and fuel, such as density, viscosity, heat conductivity and surface tension.

In this thesis the phase change and surface tension of a droplet for different flow conditions are studied by means of numerical simulations.This work is part of a larger effort aiming to developing models for sprays in turbulent flows. We are especially interested in the atomization regime, where the liquid breakup causes the formation of droplet sizes much smaller than the jet diameter. The behavior of these small droplets is important to shed more light on how to achieve the homogeneity of the gas-fuel mixture as well as that it directly contributes to the development of large-eddy simulation (LES) models.

The numerical approach is a challenging process as one must take into account the transport of heat, mass and momentum for a multiphase flow. We choose a lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) due to its convenient mesoscopic natureto simulate interfacial flows. A non-ideal equation of state is used to control the phase change according to local thermodynamic properties. We analyze the droplet and surrounding vapor for a hydrocarbon fuel close to the critical point. Under forced convection, the droplet evaporation rate is seen to depend on the vapor temperatureand Reynolds number, where oscillatory flows can be observed. Marangoni forces are also present and drivethe droplet internal circulation once the temperature difference at the droplet surface becomes significant.In isotropic turbulence, the vapor phase shows increasing fluctuations of the thermodynamic variables oncethe fluid approaches the critical point. The droplet dynamics is also investigated under turbulent conditions, where the presence of coherent structures with strong shear layers affects the mass transfer between the liquid-vapor flow, showing also a correlation with the droplet deformation. Here, the surface tension and droplet size play a major role and are analyzed in detail.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. s. xiv, 53
Serie
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2016:02
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknisk mekanik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183487 (URN)978-91-7595-895-8 (ISBN)
Disputas
2016-04-07, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2010-3938Swedish Research Council, 2011-5355
Merknad

QC 20160314

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-14 Laget: 2016-03-14 Sist oppdatert: 2016-03-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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