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Performance and durability of the molten carbonate electrolysis cell (MCEC) and the reversible molten carbonate fuel cell (RMCFC)
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Tillämpad elektrokemi.
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Tillämpad elektrokemi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9203-9313
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Tillämpad elektrokemi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2268-5042
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The molten carbonate electrolysis cell (MCEC) provides the opportunity for producing fuel gases, e.g. hydrogen or syngas, in an environmentally friendly way, especially when in combination with renewable electricity resources such as solar, wind and/or hydropower. The evaluation of the performance and durability of the molten carbonate cell is a key for developing the electrolysis technology. In this study, we report that the electrochemical performance of the cell and electrodes somewhat decreases during the long-term test of the MCEC. The degradation is not permanent, though, and the cell performance could be partially recovered. Since conventional fuel cell materials consisting of Ni-based porous catalysts and carbonate electrolyte are used in the MCEC durability test, it is also shown that the cell can alternatingly operate as an electrolysis cell for fuel gas production and as a fuel cell for electricity generation, i.e. as a so-called reversible molten carbonate fuel cell (RMCFC). This study reveals that the cell performance improves after a long period of RMCFC operation. The stability and durability of the cell in long-term tests evidence the feasibility of the electrolysis and reversible operations in carbonate melts using a conventional fuel cell set-up, at least in lab-scale.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185431OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185431DiVA, id: diva2:920569
Merknad

QC 20160419

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-04-18 Laget: 2016-04-18 Sist oppdatert: 2016-04-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Molten carbonate fuel cells for electrolysis
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Molten carbonate fuel cells for electrolysis
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The molten carbonate fuel cell has evolved to current megawatt-scale commercial power plants. When using the fuel cell for electrolysis, it provides a promising option for producing fuel gases such as hydrogen and syngas. The cell can thereby operate reversibly as a dual energy converter for electricity generation and fuel gas production. The so-called reversible molten carbonate fuel cell will probably increase the usefulness of the system and improve the economic benefits.

This work has investigated the performance and durability of the cell in electrolysis and reversible operations. A lower polarization loss is found for the electrolysis cell than for the fuel cell, mainly due to the NiO electrode performing better in the MCEC. The stability of the cell in long-term tests evidences the feasibility of the MCEC and the RMCFC using a conventional fuel cell set-up, at least in lab-scale.

This study elucidates the electrode kinetics of hydrogen production and oxygen production. The experimentally obtained partial pressure dependencies for hydrogen production are high, and they do not reasonably satisfy the reverse pathways of the hydrogen oxidation mechanisms. The reverse process of an oxygen reduction mechanism in fuel cell operation is found to suitably describe oxygen production in the MCEC.

To evaluate the effect of the reverse water-gas shift reaction and the influence of the gas phase mass transport on the porous Ni electrode in the electrolysis cell, a mathematical model is applied in this study. When the humidified inlet gas compositions enter the current collector the decrease of the shift reaction rate increases the electrode performance. The model well describes the polarization behavior of the Ni electrode when the inlet gases have low contents of reactants. The experimental data and modeling results are consistent in that carbon dioxide has a stronger effect on the gas phase mass transport than other components, i.e. water and hydrogen.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. s. 57
Serie
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2016:18
Emneord
Durability, electrode kinetics, gas phase mass transport, molten carbonate electrolysis cell, molten carbonate fuel cell, performance, reversible.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185433 (URN)978-91-7595-928-3 (ISBN)
Disputas
2016-05-20, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

QC 20160419

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-04-20 Laget: 2016-04-18 Sist oppdatert: 2016-04-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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