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Active control of multiple resistive wall modes
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, Alfvénlaboratoriet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5259-0458
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, Alfvénlaboratoriet.
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, Alfvénlaboratoriet.
KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Fusionsplasmafysik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, Alfvénlaboratoriet.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 47, nr 12 B, s. B25-B36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

 A two-dimensional array of saddle coils at M-c poloidal and N-c toroidal positions is used on the EXTRAP T2R reversed-field pinch (Brunsell P R et al 2001 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 43 1457) to study active control of resistive wall modes (RWMs). Spontaneous growth of several RWMs with poloidal mode number m = 1 and different toroidal mode number n is observed experimentally, in agreement with linear MHD modelling. The measured plasma response to a controlled coil field and the plasma response computed using the linear circular cylinder MHD model are in quantitive agreement. Feedback control introduces a linear coupling of modes with toroidal mode numbers n, n' that fulfil the condition vertical bar n - n'vertical bar = N-c. Pairs of coupled unstable RWMs are present in feedback experiments with an array of Mc x Nc = 4 x 16 coils. Using intelligent shell feedback, the coupled modes are generally not controlled even though the field is suppressed at the active coils. A better suppression of coupled modes may be achieved in the case of rotating modes by using the mode control feedback scheme with individually set complex gains. In feedback with a larger array of Mc x Nc = 4 x 32 coils, the coupling effect largely disappears, and with this array, the main internal RWMs n = -11, -10, +5, +6 are all simultaneously suppressed throughout the discharge (7-8 wall times). With feedback there is a two-fold extension of the pulse length, compared to discharges without feedback.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2005. Vol. 47, nr 12 B, s. B25-B36
Nyckelord [en]
Electric coils; Feedback control; Growth (materials); Magnetohydrodynamics; Mathematical models; Plasmas
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5428DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/47/12B/S03ISI: 000234420700005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-27744525924OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5428DiVA, id: diva2:9790
Anmärkning
QC 20100826Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-08 Skapad: 2006-03-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Resistive Wall Mode Stability and Control in the Reversed Field Pinch
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Resistive Wall Mode Stability and Control in the Reversed Field Pinch
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Control of MHD instabilities using a conducting wall together with external magnetic fields is an important route to improved performance and reliability in fusion devices. Active control of MHD modes is of interest for both the Advanced Tokamak and the Reversed Field Pinch (RFP) configurations. A wide range of unstable, current driven MHD modes is present in the RFP. An ideally conducting wall facing the plasma can in principle provide stabilization to these modes. However, a real, resistive wall characterized by a wall field diffusion time, cannot stabilize the ideal MHD modes unless they rotate with Alfvénic velocity, which is usually not the case. With a resistive wall, the ideal modes are converted into resistive wall modes (RWM) with growth rates comparable to the inverse wall time. Resistive wall modes have been studied in the EXTRAP T2R thin shell RFP device. Growth rates have been measured and found in agreement with linear MHD stability calculations. An advanced system for active control has been developed and installed on the EXTRAP T2R device. The system includes an array of 128 active saddle coils, fully covering the torus surface. Experiments on EXTRAP T2R have for the first time demonstrated simultaneous active suppression of multiple independent RWMs. In experiments with a partial array, coupling of different modes due to the limited number of feedback coils has been observed, in agreement with theory. Different feedback strategies, such as the intelligent shell, the rotating shell, and mode control have been studied. Further, feedback operation with different types of magnetic field sensors, measuring either the radial or the toroidal field components have been compared

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. s. viii, 46
Serie
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2006:005
Nyckelord
Resistive wall modes, RWM, active control, feedback, MHD modes, Reversed-Field pinch, RFP, intelligent shell, mode control
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3867 (URN)91-7178-285-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2006-03-17, H1, Teknikringen 33, Stockholm, 10:30
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20100929Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-08 Skapad: 2006-03-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-09-29Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Visible spectroscopy as a sensitive diagnostic tool for fusion plasmas
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Visible spectroscopy as a sensitive diagnostic tool for fusion plasmas
2005 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

To further the understanding and knowledge about fusion plasmas and their behaviour during different conditions, it is important to be able to collect information about the plasma and the processes occurring within it. Visible spectroscopy, or the study of the visible wavelength light emitted by the plasma, is a useful tool in this search for knowledge.

This thesis is based on experiments where visible wavelength light has been measured and analysed in order to determine quantities about the emitting source. Doppler shift measurements of spectral lines have been utilised to determine the toroidal rotation velocities of plasma impurity ions and to study the correlation with mode rotation and the effect of active feedback control of the resistive wall modes. Information on the impurities present in the plasma has been determined and the calibrated intensities of spectral lines has yielded impurity concentrations, particle fluxes and electron temperature and densities. Ion temperatures have been determined from Doppler broadening measurements.

The measured vibrational and rotational band structure of deuterium molecular spectra has been analysed in order to calculate rotational and vibrational temperatures, relative populations and molecular particle fluxes. The effect of the molecular flux on simple calculations of atomic flux has also been studied. Specific molecular states and transitions of deuterium have also been probed with synchrotron radiation to study the level and transition energies.

The measurement and analysis of visible wavelength light has been demonstrated to be a sensitive diagnostic tool in the quest for increased knowledge about fusion plasmas and molecular structure.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. s. 29
Serie
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2005:64
Nationell ämneskategori
Atom- och molekylfysik och optik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-572 (URN)91-7178-222-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2005-12-06, Sal FA31, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20101215Tillgänglig från: 2005-12-23 Skapad: 2005-12-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-12-15Bibliografiskt granskad

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Förlagets fulltextScopushttp://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0741-3335/47/12B/S03

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Brunsell, PerRachlew, Elisabeth

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Brunsell, PerYadikin, DmitriyCecconello, MarcoDrake, James RobertMenmuir, SheenaRachlew, Elisabeth
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FusionsplasmafysikAlfvénlaboratorietFysikAtom- och molekylfysik
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