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Modernising ecodesign: ecodesign for innovative solutions
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The focus of environmental work in manufacturing companies has increasingly shifted from end-of-pipe solutions to the environmental performance of products and services. The product development process is central to creating value for customers. This thesis argues that companies can simultaneously create value for consumers and be profitable while taking environmental considerations into account.

Modernising ecodesign means taking advantage of environmental benefits and the innovation potential when developing solutions rather than using ecodesign simply to ensure that legal requirements or customer demands are met. Ecodesign is a strategic issue and should be included in early product development activities, such as for project selection and when setting product targets. There is also need to perform ecodesign according to the characteristics of specific development processes as for radical product development or when developing integrated solutions, using a combination of services and products.

This thesis reports on the findings from five different research studies, all of which adopted a qualitative approach in which the emphasis falls on exploring and creating understanding and meaning. The studies focused on three areas of ecodesign: A) rethinking approaches for manufacturing companies, B) setting environmental project targets and project selection and C) redesign of products.

Recommendations on how to modernise ecodesign have been developed and can be summarised in six points:

• Perform ecodesign both vertically and horizontally in a company.

• Increase interaction between organisational units.

• Take advantage of innovation potential in products, services, user behaviour and the delivery and take-back systems.

• Take environmental considerations into account in the project selection process.

• Set environmental targets for ensuring that environmental considerations are taken when developing innovative solutions.

• Develop ecodesign procedures that fit the characteristics of the development process

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Maskinkonstruktion , 2006.
Serie
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2006:05
Nyckelord [en]
ecodesign, design for environment, product development, integrated solutions, product service systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3878DiVA, id: diva2:9846
Disputation
2006-03-24, Sal D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-03-22
Delarbeten
1. The Meaning of Functional Sales
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Meaning of Functional Sales
2001 Ingår i: Proceedings of the 8th International CIRP Seminar on Life Cycle EngineeringArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5467 (URN)
Anmärkning
NR 20140805Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14Bibliografiskt granskad
2. How Do Functional Sales Affect Product Development and Environmental Performance?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How Do Functional Sales Affect Product Development and Environmental Performance?
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceeding of ICED ´03 / [ed] Folkeson, A.; Gralen, K.; Norell, M.; Sellgren, U., 2003Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nyckelord
Functional selling, green product development, service engineering, sustainable product systems
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5468 (URN)
Konferens
International Conference on Engineering Design, Stockholm
Anmärkning

QC 20111007

Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-09-24Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Making an Ecodesign Choice in Project Portfolio Management
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Making an Ecodesign Choice in Project Portfolio Management
2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2004 IEEE EMS International EngineeringManagement Conference: Singapore, 2004Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Maskinteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5469 (URN)
Konferens
2004 IEEE EMS International EngineeringManagement Conference
Anmärkning
QC 20111216Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-03-02Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Setting Environmental Targets in Product Development
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Setting Environmental Targets in Product Development
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, 2009, s. 35-46Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

An import factor for reaching environmental improvements in product development is to have relevant environmental targets that actually influence the product development process. In this paper are procedures of setting environmental targets for product development projects identified, described and analyzed based on studies in three large companies operating in different industries. The different procedures have their own advantages and disadvantages and some of them can be combined within a company. The aim is to illustrate approaches of setting environmental targets early on and show different procedures of setting the environmental targets at a strategic level and how the way of setting environmental targets early on influences the product development process. This paper has a strong empirical connection.

Nyckelord
ecodesign, product targets, product specifications, design for x
Nationell ämneskategori
Maskinteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5470 (URN)000302594000004 ()2-s2.0-84859231377 (Scopus ID)
Konferens
17th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stanford Univ, Stanford, AUG 24-27, 2009
Anmärkning

OC 20120918

Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-09-18Bibliografiskt granskad
5. Managing Radical Innovation and Environmental Challenges: Development of a Dry Capacitor at ABB
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Managing Radical Innovation and Environmental Challenges: Development of a Dry Capacitor at ABB
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 182-198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the driving forces for taking environmental considerations to a higher level in a project involving radical innovation.

Design/methodology/approach – This qualitative case study is based on ten in-depth interviews with respondents from the development team for the DryQ project at ABB.

Findings – In order to achieve substantial environmental benefits, radical product development is essential. Radical product development has attributes that differ from those of incremental product development. It is important that these differences be acknowledged when preparing to manage environmental challenges in development projects. In radical product development, environmental considerations should be taken into account very early on, at the strategic level of the design process.  Setting challenging environmental targets and rewarding environmental improvements was crucial to the outcome of the project presented in this paper.

Research limitations/implications – The research presented here describes one case in one manufacturing company. Readers can, however, learn from this case and apply the insights gained to their own research or use the findings to promote new thinking in their own organisation.

Practical implications – Suggestions are made about how to manage environmental considerations in radical product development.

Originality/value – Few studies combine ecodesign and radical innovation theories, as is done here. Yet this is not a theoretical paper but an industry-based study of eco-innovation, from which researchers and practitioners can learn.

Nyckelord
Innovation, Environmental management, Product design, Operations and production management
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljöledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5471 (URN)10.1108/14601060810869857 (DOI)2-s2.0-43049114602 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning
Updated from Submitted to Published. QC 20111219Tillgänglig från: 2006-03-14 Skapad: 2006-03-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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