Measurements of Air Temperatures Close to a Low-Velocity Diffuser in Displacement Ventilation Using Infrared Camera
2002 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, Vol. 34, 687-698 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The near zone of supply air diffusers is very critical for the indoor climate. Complaints of draft are often associated with low-velocity diffusers in displacement ventilation because the air is discharged directly into the occupied zone. Today, the knowledge of the near zone of these air supply diffusers is insufficient, causing an increased need for better measuring methods and representation of the occupied zone.
A whole-field measuring technique has been developed by the authors for visualization of air temperatures and airflow patterns over a large cross-section. In this particular whole-field method, air temperatures are measured with an infrared camera and a measuring screen placed in the airflow. The technique is applicable to most laboratory and field test environments. It offers several advantages over traditional techniques; for example, it can record real-time images within large areas and capture transient events.
The purpose of this study was to conduct a parameter and error analysis of the proposed whole-field measuring method applied to a flow from a low-velocity diffuser in displacement ventilation. A model of the energy balance, for a solid measuring screen, was used for analyzing the influence of different parameters on the accuracy of the method. The analysis was performed with respect to the convective heat transfer coefficient, emissivity, screen temperature and surrounding surface temperatures.
Theoretically, the temperature difference between the screen and the ambient air was found to be 0.2–2.4 °C for the specific delimitation in the investigation. However, after applying correction the maximum uncertainty of the predicted air temperature was found to vary between 0.62 and 0.98 °C, due to uncertainties in estimating parameters used in the correction. The maximum uncertainty can be reduced to a great extent by estimating the convective heat transfer coefficient more accurately and using a screen with rather low emissivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 34, 687-698 p.
Thermography, Whole-field measurement, Infrared camera, Visualization, Air temperature, Airflow pattern
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5639DOI: 10.1016/S0378-7788(01)00133-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5639DiVA: diva2:10074
QC 201008312006-05-022006-05-022010-08-31Bibliographically approved