Adsorption Isotherm and Aggregate Properties of Fluorosurfactants on Alumina Measured by 19F NMR
2002 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 18, no 21, 8096-8101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The adsorption and self-assembly of ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) at surfaces of porous alumina immersed in solution at pH similar to 4 have been studied using F-19 NMR. From the intensity of the APFO NMR signals, the amount of adsorbed surfactant, and thereby the adsorption isotherm, was determined. The adsorption isotherm indicates that APFO forms bilayers on alumina. This result is supported by finding the CF3 signal of adsorbed APFO shifted upfield compared to the signal in aqueous solution with an amount that corresponds to a change from aqueous to fluorocarbon environment. Additionally, faster transverse relaxation of the fluorine nuclei adjacent to the head group compared to that of the CF3 group adds a further argument for the formation of a bilayer. The exchange pattern of surfactants between the adsorbed layer and the aqueous bulk was studied through the CF3 group F-19 signals and their time-averaged behavior. Inside the pores of the alumina particles, the exchange time was found to be fast (much less than1 ms) between adsorbed and dissolved APFO. The presented NMR method to determine the adsorption isotherm could be a powerful new tool when studying systems of mixed surfactants, since the adsorbed amount of chemically different surfactants and their formation in aggregates would become separately quantifiable. The method is readily applicable to any NMR nuclei and thereby to many adsorption problems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 18, no 21, 8096-8101 p.
Adsorption; Aggregates; Alumina; Ammonium compounds; Dissolution; Fluorocarbons; Isotherms; Nuclear magnetic resonance; pH effects; Porous materials; Self assembly; Solutions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5686DOI: 10.1021/la026014vISI: 000178589700050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5686DiVA: diva2:10133
QC 201008262006-05-102006-05-102010-08-26Bibliographically approved