Gene expression analysis of human epidermal keratinocytes after N-acetyl L-cysteine treatment demonstrates cell cycle arrest and increased differentiation
2005 (English)In: Pathobiology (Basel), ISSN 1015-2008, E-ISSN 1423-0291, Vol. 72, no 4, 203-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: Several cancer prevention programmes have previously been executed using treatment of antioxidant compounds. The antioxidant N-acetyl L-cysteine (NAC), a membrane-permeable aminothiol, is a sulfhydryl reductant reducing oxidised glutathione, as well as being a precursor of intracellular cysteine and glutathione. A previous report based on the cellular response to NAC treatment showed that NAC induced a 10-fold more rapid differentiation in normal primary keratinocytes as well as a reversion of a colon carcinoma cell line from neoplastic proliferation to apical-basolateral differentiation. In order to investigate molecular events underlying the changes in proliferation and differentiation induced by NAC treatment, we performed global gene expression analysis of normal human epidermal keratinocytes in a time series. Methods: Treated samples were compared to untreated samples through a reference design using a spotted cDNA array comprising approximately 30,000 features. B statistics was used to identify differentially expressed genes, and RT-PCR of a selected set of genes was performed to verify differential expression. Results: The number of differentially expressed genes increased over time, starting with 0 at 30 min, 73 at 3 h and increasing to 952 genes at 48 h. Results of the expression analysis showed arrest of the cell cycle and an upregulation of cytoskeletal reorganisation, implicating increased differentiation. A comparison to gene ontology groups indicated downregulation of a large number of genes involved in cell proliferation and regulation of the cell cycle. Conclusions: A significant fraction of the differentially expressed genes could be classified according to their role in the differentiation process, demonstrating that NAC regulates the conversion from proliferation to differentiation at a transcriptional level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 72, no 4, 203-212 p.
Cell cycle, Gene expression, Keratinocytes, Microarray; N-acetyl L-cysteine, NHEK, Real-time, RT-PCR
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5716DOI: 10.1159/000086790ISI: 000231700000005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-24044509171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5716DiVA: diva2:10171
QC 201009152006-05-112006-05-112012-03-20Bibliographically approved