Elastic and Inelastic Electron Tunneling in Molecular Devices
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
A theoretical framework for calculating electron transport through molecular junctions is presented. It is based on scattering theory using a Green's function formalism. The model can take both elastic and inelastic scattering into account and treats chemical and physical bonds on equal footing. It is shown that it is quite reliable with respect to the choice of functional and basis set. Applications concerning both elastic and inelastic transport are presented, though the emphasis is on the inelastic transport properties. The elastic scattering application part is divided in two part. The first part demonstrates how the current magnitude is strongly related to the junction width, which provides an explanation why experimentalists get two orders of magnitude differences when performing measurements on the same type of system. The second part is devoted to a study of how hydrogenbonding affects the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. It is shown that for a conjugated molecule with functional groups, the effects can be quite dramatic. This shows the importance of taking possible intermolecular interactions into account when evaluating and comparing experimental data. The inelastic scattering part is devoted to get accurate predictions of inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy (IETS) experiments. The emphasis has been on elucidating the importance of various bonding conditions for the IETS. It is shown that the IETS is very sensitive to the shape of the electrodes and it can also be used to discriminate between different intramolecular conformations. Temperature dependence is nicely reproduced. The junction width is shown to be of importance and comparisons between experiment as well as other theoretical predictions are made.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bioteknologi , 2006. , 46 p.
molecular electronics, inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy, IETS, Green's function, scattering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3958ISBN: 91-7178-362-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3958DiVA: diva2:10186
2006-05-31, FB52, AlbaNova Main Building, Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Stockholm, 10:00
Troisi, Alessandro, Dr.
QC 201011182006-05-112006-05-112010-11-18Bibliographically approved
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