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Goal-setting and goal-achieving in transport policy
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The thesis aims at developing new, alternative approaches and methods based on suggestions and ideas originating from moral philosophy and philosophical decision theory. More precisely, the thesis aims at investigating the rationality of transport policy decisions, including goal-setting and performance evaluation.

Paper I discusses rationality in road safety policy. Problematic features are identified and discussed. The paper argues that the Swedish road safety goal is rational, since it is action-guiding and achievement-inducing. This follows by observing that the goal satisfies the criteria of precision, evaluability, approachability, and motivity. The paper states that previous accusations of irrationality have been unnecessarily imprecise, since no reference is made to independently developed criteria of rational goal-setting.

Paper II discusses the Swedish transport policy goals, and the role of social welfare in rational policy decisions. Goals often come into conflict and trade-offs must be rationally and consistently managed. Policy decisions are outcomes of political processes. In the case of policy goals and decisions, the agent is society. This introduces the problematic concept of social welfare, which itself is an ambiguous goal with many meanings. Whether a decision is rational or not depends on whose perspective one takes on – that of society as a whole or that of the actual decision makers.

Paper III aims at investigating six different procedures for resolving goal conflicts: weighted average, lexicographic preference, conditional lexicographic preference, absolute restriction, generalised prioritarianism, and partial comparability. Criteria for selection, according to the respective procedures, are formulated and summarised in a table. The six procedures are contrasted with respect to their tendency to rule out possible sets of alternatives as being not choiceworthy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , vi, 16 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831
Keyword [en]
rationality, goals, policy goal, transport policy, road safety, goal conflicts, priority, value uncertainty, restriction
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3995ISBN: 91-7178-387-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3995DiVA: diva2:10303
Presentation
2006-06-13, Seminarierummet, avd för filosofi, KTH, Teknikringen 78B, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101123Available from: 2006-05-24 Created: 2006-05-24 Last updated: 2010-11-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Vision Zero - Is it irrational?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vision Zero - Is it irrational?
2007 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 41, no 6, 559-567 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vision Zero, the Swedish road safety policy goal, states that in the long run, no person should be killed or seriously injured as a consequence of road traffic. Since its adoption in 1997, the goal has been seriously criticised. In 2007, performance of the first interim target will be evaluated and a new interim target will be set. In this paper, we summarise the experiences from working with the goal and analyse the criticism that has been put forward against it. The most common criticism is that Vision Zero is an irrational goal. In order to evaluate this criticism, we compare Vision Zero with an independently developed list of adequacy criteria for rational goal-setting. We conclude that according to these criteria, Vision Zero is not irrational.

Keyword
Vision Zero, traffic accidents, rationality, precision, evaluability
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-16569 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2006.11.002 (DOI)000245864100006 ()2-s2.0-33847698260 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. Swedish transport policy goals - between ratonality and social welfare
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish transport policy goals - between ratonality and social welfare
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5801 (URN)
Note
QC 20101123Available from: 2006-05-24 Created: 2006-05-24 Last updated: 2010-11-23Bibliographically approved
3. Performance in complex goal systems - rational trade-offs without precise weights
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance in complex goal systems - rational trade-offs without precise weights
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5802 (URN)
Note
QC 20101123Available from: 2006-05-24 Created: 2006-05-24 Last updated: 2010-11-23Bibliographically approved

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