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Experiments: Why and How?
Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0071-3919
2016 (English)In: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, Vol. 22, no 3, 613-632 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An experiment, in the standard scientific sense of the term, is a procedure in which some object of study is subjected to interventions (manipulations) that aim at obtaining a predictable outcome or at least predictable aspects of the outcome. The distinction between an experiment and a non-experimental observation is important since they are tailored to different epistemic needs. Experimentation has its origin in pre-scientific technological experiments that were undertaken in order to find the best technological means to achieve chosen ends. Important parts of the methodological arsenal of modern experimental science can be traced back to this pre-scientific, technological tradition. It is claimed that experimentation involves a unique combination of acting and observing, a combination whose unique epistemological properties have not yet been fully clarified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 22, no 3, 613-632 p.
Keyword [en]
Action-guiding, Experiment, Observation, Bias, Blinding, Randomization
National Category
Ethics Engineering and Technology History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193847DOI: 10.1007/s11948-015-9635-3ISI: 000382133200002PubMedID: 25721443Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84923675847OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-193847DiVA: diva2:1034499
Note

QC 20161012

Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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