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Characteristics of debris in the lower head of a BWR in different severe accident scenarios
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
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2016 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 305, 359-370 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nordic boiling water reactors (BWRs) adopt ex-vessel debris cooling to terminate severe accident progression. Core melt released from the vessel into a deep pool of water is expected to fragment and form a coolable debris bed. Characteristics of corium melt ejection from the vessel determine conditions for molten fuel-coolant interactions (FCI) and debris bed formation. Non-coolable debris bed or steam explosion can threaten containment integrity. Vessel failure and melt ejection mode are determined by the in vessel accident progression. Characteristics (such as mass, composition, thermal properties, timing of relocation, and decay heat) of the debris bed formed in the process of core relocation into the vessel lower plenum define conditions for the debris reheating, remelting, melt-vessel structure interactions, vessel failure and melt release. Thus core degradation and relocation are important sources of uncertainty for the success of the ex-vessel accident mitigation strategy. The goal of this work is improve understanding how accident scenario parameters, such as timing of failure and recovery of different safety systems can affect characteristics of the debris in the lower plenum. Station blackout scenario with delayed power recovery in a Nordic BWR is considered using MELCOR code. The recovery timing and capacity of safety systems were varied using genetic algorithm (GA) and random sampling methods to identify two main groups of scenarios: with relatively small (<20 tons) and large (>100 tons) amount of relocated debris. The domains are separated by the transition regions, in which relatively small variations of the input can result in large changes in the final mass of debris. Typical ranges of the debris properties in different scenarios are discussed in detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 305, 359-370 p.
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Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193211DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.06.008ISI: 000383003400034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84975859181OAI: diva2:1034545

QC 20161012

Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved

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